Agaricus


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Related to Agaricus: Agaricus campestris

Agaricus

 

(meadow mushroom and related species), a genus of mushrooms of the family Agaricaceae. The cap is 3–25 cm in diameter, smooth or scaly, fleshy, and compact. There are about 60 cosmopolitan species. The mushrooms grow mainly on forest or meadow humus, on well-manured soils, on the barks of dead trees, and in anthills. They can be found on roadsides, in flower gardens, in vegetable gardens, in parks, on livestock farms, and in hotbeds.

The most common species are A. campester (common field mushroom), A. arvensis, and A. bernardii (which also occurs in deserts and semideserts). Two species— A. meleagris and A. xanthoderma—are poisonous. The species A. bisporus is raised commercially in many countries, including the USSR, the USA, Great Britain, France, Holland, Denmark, and the German Democratic Republic. The mushroom contains 46.5 percent protein and yields a harvest of up to 15 kg/m2. In the USSR mushrooms of the genus Agaricus are cultivated commercially in the suburbs of many large industrial centers, including Moscow, Leningrad, and Gorky.

REFERENCES

Gromov, N. G. Shampin’ony, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1960.
Zhizn’ rastenii, vol. 2. Moscow, 1976.
Hunte, W. Champignonanbau im Haupt-und Nebenerwerb, 7th ed. Berlin-Hamburg, 1973.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Photo inactivation of Agaricus bisporus tyrosinase: Modification of the binuclear copper site.
Prasad, "Quality and moisture sorption characteristics of microwave-vacuum, air and freeze-dried button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus)" Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, vol.
In the current study a commercial product of Agaricus blazei was tested in the form of capsules (Agaricus blazei, Aloha Medicinals, Inc, Carson City, NV, USA/Santa Cruz, CA, USA facility).
In particular, it has been shown that an extract of the fruiting body of Agaricus blazei Murill had an antitumor effect in a mouse myeloma model, when given together with a marine phospholipid [30].
Control rats were fed only on basal diet (CAS), supplemented for the other three groups by the above-mentioned diets [Agaricus (COG group), at 1% cholesterol (CAS + COL group) and at 1% cholesterol over Agaricus (group COG + COL)].
Schaap, "Polyphosphate accumulation in the senescing mushroom Agaricus bisporus," Postharvest Biology and Technology, vol.
This study will enhance our knowledge for the ligninolytic system of this edible mushroom, and show the potential applications of the manganese peroxidase of Agaricus bisporus A21 in industry and biotechnology.
Insulin-releasing and insulin-like activity of Agaricus campestris (mushroom).
Crescimento micelial in vitro de cinco linhagens de Agaricus bisporus submetidas a diferentes condicoes de temperatura.
The best-characterized tyrosinases are derived from Streptomyces glaucescens and the fungi Neurospora crassa and Agaricus bisporus.
The basidiomycete Agaricus blazei Murrill is currently cultivated in different regions of Brazil [5].