Agency for International Development


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Agency for International Development

(AID), federal agency created (Sept., 1961) to consolidate U.S. nonmilitary foreign aid programs. Originally an agency in the State Department, it has been a component part of the U.S. International Development Cooperation Agency, along with the Overseas Private Investment Corporation, since 1979. AID administers bilateral assistance to more than 80 countries as development assistance and as economic support funds. Development aid targets agriculture, rural development, nutrition, health, education, population planning, and market-oriented development. Economic support funds are flexible grants to sustain or restore economic activity. AID also administers Food for Peace (with the Department of Agriculture), disaster assistance, a housing guaranty program, scientific and technical aid, and the Women in Development program. In the 1980s and 90s AID stressed the development of open, democratic societies, and promoted the dynamism of free markets and individual initiative in developing countries, including the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union. Other principles governing AID's programs include concern for individual economic and social well-being, responsible environmental policies, and management of natural resources.
References in periodicals archive ?
At least $38 million for operating expenses of the United States Agency for International Development for costs associated with Iraq and Afghanistan;
Agency for International Development has made its newsletter, Accountability/Anti-Corruption, available online in English (as well as Spanish) at www.
Department of Commerce, the Small Business Administration, the Export-Import Bank of the United States and the Agency for International Development have teamed up to counsel and provide financial assistance to export companies.
The Agency for International Development currently operates in more than 100 countries, with 2,000 employees in the field and nearly 10,000 contractors.
Agency for International Development estimates that inadequate and reliable electric supply costs industry 1.
An official who served overseas with the Agency for International Development was appointed as deputy director.
Under sponsorship from the United States Army Medical Materiel Development Activity (USAMMDA), and with financial support from the US Agency for International Development, the Congressionally Directed Peer Review Medical Program, and the Military Infectious Diseases Research Program, NMRC will initiate this FDA-approved study at their clinical trials center, located on the campus of the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda.
Major organization : AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Agency for International Development to promote democracy in Iraq, after the fall of Baghdad.
Agency for International Development reports that the Dominican Republic is beginning to address that issue, along with the country's relatively weak environmental protection laws.
On February 14th, the Catholic Family and Human Rights Institute reported that the Population Council "has recently received $65 million from the US Agency for International Development (USAID) for an AIDS program, even though this group advocates for abortion, and even though it actually holds the patent for the abortion drug RU-486.

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