Agent Orange


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Agent Orange,

herbicideherbicide
, chemical compound that kills plants or inhibits their normal growth. A herbicide in a particular formulation and application can be described as selective or nonselective.
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 used by U.S. forces during the Vietnam WarVietnam War,
conflict in Southeast Asia, primarily fought in South Vietnam between government forces aided by the United States and guerrilla forces aided by North Vietnam. The war began soon after the Geneva Conference provisionally divided (1954) Vietnam at 17° N lat.
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 to expose enemy guerrilla forces in forested areas. Agent Orange contains varying amounts of dioxin. Exposure to the defoliant has been linked with chemical acne, non-Hodgkin's lymphomalymphoma, non-Hodgkin's,
any cancer of the lymphoid tissue (see lymphatic system) in which the Reed-Sternberg cells characteristic of Hodgkin's disease (the other category of lymphoma) are not present.
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, Hodgkin's diseaseHodgkin's disease,
a type of cancer of the lymphatic system. First identified in 1832 in England by Thomas Hodgkin, it is a type of malignant lymphoma. Incidence peaks in young adults and the elderly.
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, soft-tissue sarcomasarcoma
, highly malignant tumor arising in connective- and muscle-cell tissue. It is the result of oncogenes (the cancer causing genes of some viruses) and proto-oncogenes (cancer causing genes in human cells). It may affect bone, cartilage, blood vessels, lymph nodes, and skin.
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, and hairy-cell leukemialeukemia
, cancerous disorder of the blood-forming tissues (bone marrow, lymphatics, liver, spleen) characterized by excessive production of immature or mature leukocytes (white blood cells; see blood) and consequently a crowding-out of red blood cells and platelets.
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. Many soldiers were exposed to Agent Orange in the Vietnam War. Afflicted veterans brought a class-action suit against manufacturers of Agent Orange, which was settled out of court by the establishment of a fund to compensate them and their families for any disabilities. That settlement, however, covered only those who became ill by 1994 and, as a result of a 2003 Supreme Court decision, veterans who became ill after 1994 can sue the herbicide's manufacturers. The herbicide has also been blamed for a significantly higher than normal rate of birth defects in areas of Vietnam that were sprayed; tests have shown persistent high levels of dioxin in the local environment and in people living there. Since 2006 the United States and Vietnam have worked together on problems in Vietnam resulting from the herbicide's use.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is "difficult to rationalise why [American] Vietnam vets are compensated for Agent Orange exposure but Vietnamese civilians shouldn't be," Steve Milloy, a scholar at the Cato institute, wrote in a commentary for Fox News.
Of those, 23,939 were classified as having been exposed to Agent Orange.
Characterizing Exposure of Veterans to Agent Orange and Other Herbicides Used in Vietnam: Final Report.
Using these photographs in political arenas, we generated public hearings in the Texas Legislature and later with Congressional committees on Capitol Hill that resulted in state and federal mandates to improve medical treatment for veterans and official recognition of disabilities related to Agent Orange exposure.
government is still not providing American veterans exposed to Agent Orange in Vietnam with the care they need and deserve.
Agent Orange, named for the orange-colored barrels it came in, was a defoliant used to burn back thick brush and jungle in Vietnam from 1961 to 1970.
6) In 1991, after a long and ongoing struggle from veterans and their allies in Congress, the Agent Orange Act entered into force whereby any veteran, serving however briefly in Vietnam and suffering from any Agent Orange-associated disease, is entitled healthcare and disability compensation (Veteran Affairs 1997).
could at least acknowledge is its debt to Southeast Asia's human victims of Agent Orange and to put together a comprehensive response to their needs today.
Agent Orange - blamed for tens of thousands of deaths during the Vietnam War - was sprayed on a military base in New Brunswick in 1966-67.
Politics on this level, however, are curiously absent from the doomed romanticism of No Man's Land, though the war casts its long shadow over Bon, who has been left enfeebled and virtually impotent from exposure to Agent Orange.
Dioxin was the toxic component of Agent Orange, but its presence in human lives doesn't stop with the military: it can also be found in detergents, cosmetics, and even plastics.
Made specifically for the US army to use during the Vietnam war, Agent Orange (its name derives from the colour of identifying bands painted on the drums containing the chemical) was a 50:50 mix of two herbicides that had been developed and widely used in the US in the Forties.