Aga Khan

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Aga Khan

(ä`gä khän), the title of the religious leader and imam of the IsmailiIsmailis
, Muslim Shiite sect that holds Ismail, the son of Jafar as-Sadiq, as its imam. On the death of the sixth imam of the Shiites, Jafar as-Sadiq (d. 765), the majority of Shiites accepted Musa al-Kazim, the younger son of Jafar, as seventh imam.
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 Nizari sect of Islam, originally bestowed by the Persian shah Fath AliFath Ali Shah
, also spelled Feth Ali Shah, 1762–1834, shah of Persia (1797–1834), nephew and successor of Aga Muhammad Khan, founder of the Qajar dynasty. Most of his reign was spent in internal and external warfare.
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 on Hasan Ali Shah, 1800–1881, the 46th Ismaili imam, in 1818. The first Aga Khan was also appointed as the governor of the province of Kirman, a position he lost as a result of political intrigues following Fath Ali's death. In 1839, he moved to India, where he aided the British during the first Anglo-Afghan war (1839–42) and in the conquest of Sind (1842–43). He was succeeded by his eldest son Ali Shah, Aga Khan II, who died in 1885. In turn, his son, Sultan Muhammad, 1877–1957, assumed the title of Aga Khan III, and played an instrumental role in attempting to secure Muslim support for the British rule of India. A founder of the All-India Muslim League (later the Muslim LeagueMuslim League,
political organization of India and Pakistan, founded 1906 as the All-India Muslim League by Aga Khan III. Its original purpose was to safeguard the political rights of Muslims in India.
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), he served as its president in 1909–14. His international visibility increased when he served as the chairman of the British Indian delegation to the imperial conference in London in 1930–31. He also represented India at the Geneva disarmament conference (1932) and in the League of Nations (1932, 1934–37), where he was president of the General Assembly (1937). Later he played a significant role in the movement to establish the Muslim state of Pakistan. He was succeeded by his grandson, Prince Karim al-Hussayni, 1937–, who as Aga Khan IV has devoted substantial Ismaili wealth to development projects in countries with a significant Ismaili population. He also has instituted (1977) a noted series of awards for Islamic architecture. His uncle, Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan, 1933–2003, was UN High Commissioner for Refugees (1965–77) and was active in other international humanitarian causes.

Bibliography

See The Collected Works of Aga Khan III (1991); W. Frischauer, The Aga Khans (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Chief Minister said vision of Prince Karim Agha Khan is welfare and betterment
New Delhi [India], November 28 ( ANI ): The Delhi High Court on Tuesday ordered Agha Khan Trust to help with the beautification of defaced metro property that has been damaged by Delhi University Students' Union (DUSU) election campaign.
Mr Alande during the launching event in Dar es Salaam said that the health services under the new cover would be available only at the Agha Khan hospitals and later on would be also available to other hospitals.
Agha Khan University topped the category followed by PIEAS, LUMS, National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Pakistan, Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology (GIKI), NED University of Engineering and Technology Pakistan, University of Sindh, University of Engineering and Technology (UET) Taxila, NWFP Agricultural University, and University of Arid Agriculture.
He was speaking at a suhour at the Ismaili Centre Dubai on Tuesday, held in partnership with the Agha Khan Trust for Culture and the Canadian Embassy.
The Agha Khan manages all social and humanitarian initiatives through the Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN).
Agha Khan called Karzai's role in Afghanistan's rebuilding as effective and promised to continue supporting the Afghans as their friend.
He was shifted to Agha Khan Hospital where doctors confirmed that he was out of danger and sustained minor injuries.
The conference was attended by the UNESCO Secretary-General Ayrana Bavokov and Karim Agha Khan, head of the Agha Khan Establishment and Nobel Prize winner in Economics Hassan Al-Abed.
The individual winners are; Musa Rahim Khan from Agha Khan Higher Secondary School, Chitral and Syed Shahzeb Hussain from Army Public School and College, Command and Staff College, Quetta.
Summary: The American University of Beirut's Campus Master Plan has been short-listed by the Agha Khan Architecture Award independent jury panel which will announce the final award recipient in October 2010.
Summary: BEIRUT: The American University of Beirut (AUB)'s Campus Master Plan has been nominated for the Agha Khan Architecture Award, the university announced on Friday.