Sfax was founded by the Aghlabids
dynasty which ruled some parts of northern African and southern Italy between AD 800-909.
Drawing from snippets of information from various sources, Chiarelli introduces him as a scion of the Aghlabids and former governor of Tripoli, who was behind the anti-Fatimid uprisings.
Chiarelli's History can be divided into two parts: the first is a chronological survey of Muslim Sicily's political history from beginning to end, grafted along Aghlabid, Fatimid, and Kalbid periods, and the second contains three studies, on Sicily's social structure, economy and trade, and Islamic culture.
Amongst the gold coinages of the North African dynasties that traded with Tadmekka--such as the Aghlabids
and the Fatimids--we find many coins of very high (98-99%) purity (Ehrenkreutz 1992; Gondonneau & Guerra 1999).
The Fatimids were a Shiite dynasty that capitalized on Sunni grievances which were economic and political in nature to evict the Sunni Aghlabids
from North Africa.
It was from here that the Aghlabids who ruled Tunisia then launched their successful invasion of Sicily.
The mosque was founded in 732 under the Umayyad dynasty, but the present architectural monument dates back to the Aghlabid dynasty, in the year 864.
The first, and longer, is a political history of the Ibadi communities, their inception and their relation to the growing hostile powers, Aghlabids, Fatimids and Zirids.
Prevost marks in particular the battle with the Aghlabids at Manu in 896, which turned into a massacre not only of the Ibadi soldiers but also their religious leaders, as a disaster for the movement in Tunisia.
, 800-909; the Murabits, 10621145; and the Muwahhids, 1145-1223 A.
Closer to home, Ibn Tulun had the example of the Aghlabids
of North Africa, with their ongoing project of conquest in Sicily and continental Italy.
In the North African period, the Fatimids, as was true of the Aghlabids
who preceded them, benefited substantially from wealth flowing into the realm as a result of military actions--maritime raiding, predominantly--across the Mediterranean along the coasts of southern Italy.