agile software development

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agile software development

An umbrella term for a variety of best practices in creating applications and information systems. These methods have proven to be more effective in dealing with changing requirements during the development phase, which always seem to occur. Also called "lean programming," the agile methods emphasize teamwork, customer involvement and, most significantly, the creation of small or partial pieces of the total system that are tested in a user environment. For example, an application with 25 features might be prototyped with only five or six thoroughly completed before adding more, and so on.

The "Agile Manifesto" was created in 2001 by 17 people involved with Scrum, XP and other software development methods, and the Agile Alliance ( was founded to promote the agile philosophy. Contrast with waterfall development. See Scrum, XP and iterative development.

The Agile Manifesto
Following is a summary of the philosophy behind the Manifesto (for details on all twelve of its principles, visit It states that although the items on the right have value, the items on the left (in bold) have more value.

Individuals and interactions over processes and tools.

Working software over comprehensive documentation.

Customer collaboration over contract negotiations.

Responding to change over following a plan.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Agile Manifesto, the impetus for Agile product development practices, calls for a development process that values collaboration, response to change, and a working product (Beck et al.
Agile' is an umbrella term for a set of practices based on the values and principles expressed in the Agile Manifesto.
Planning is a casualty of today's interpretation of the Agile Manifesto, which can cause Agile teams to lose their way and their customers to lose visibility of what they are getting for their money, now and in the future.
As result the Agile Manifesto was elaborated, containing four fundamental principles (Dingsoyr, Nerur, Balijepally, & Moe, 2012; Agile Alliance, 2001):
The agile manifesto, Available from: http://agilemanifesto.
The Agile ideas just become lip service; people spew Agile terms while completely ignoring the intent of the Agile Manifesto (www.
Many start-ups work according to the Agile Manifesto.
The development of the Agile Alliance in 2001 and the distribution of the Agile Manifesto [3] formally acquainted spryness with the field of Information Systems Development (ISD).
Agile software development, first introduced in the Agile Manifesto in 2001, promotes small, self-organized teams working on incremental projects and using evolutionary development principles, promoting adaptive planning and delivery.
Exhibit 2: The Principles of the Agile Manifesto 1.
However, they need to follow several rules related to the agile manifesto, including those concerning less documentation and team member interactions, which provide for appropriate communication with customers and other users.

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