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(äzhăNko͞or`), modern Fr. Azincourt, village, Pas-de-Calais dept., N France. There, during the Hundred Years WarHundred Years War,
1337–1453, conflict between England and France. Causes

Its basic cause was a dynastic quarrel that originated when the conquest of England by William of Normandy created a state lying on both sides of the English Channel. In the 14th cent.
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, Henry VHenry V,
1387–1422, king of England (1413–22), son and successor of Henry IV. Early Life

Henry was probably brought up under the care of his uncle, Henry Beaufort.
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 of England with some 6,000 men defeated a French army six times that size on Oct. 25, 1415. His success, which was due mainly to the superiority of the masses of English longbow men over the heavily armored French knights, demonstrated the obsolescence of the methods of warfare of the age of chivalry. The victory enabled the English to conquer much of France. The battle is the central scene of Shakespeare's drama Henry V.


See J. Barker, Agincourt: Henry V and the Battle That Made England (2006).

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longbow helps British defeat French (1415). [Br. Lit.: Henry V; Br. Hist.: Harbottle Battles, 5]
See: Battle
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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VICTORIOUS English archers at the Battle of Agincourt who are widely credited with inventing the 'V' sign may not have been the originators of the age-old insult, it emerged yesterday.
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Principal battles: Agincourt (near Saint-Pol) (1415); Patay (1429); Formigny (near Bayeux) (1450).