Philippine Independent Church

(redirected from Aglipayan)

Philippine Independent Church,

religious body that separated from the Roman Catholic Church in 1902 and rejected the spiritual authority of the pope. It is known popularly as the Aglipayan Church, after its founder Gregorio Aglipay. Initially it drew large numbers as a result of nationalist feelings, but later its membership dwindled significantly. Doctrinal disputes and strong factionalism developed. One group allied with American Unitarians and split into various parties. Another, a trinitarian group, moved toward the Episcopal Church, by which their ministers were ordained after 1948 and with which they were formally united in 1961. In 1965 the Philippine Independent Church joined the Old Catholic Union of Utrecht. (See also Old CatholicsOld Catholics,
Christian denomination established by German Catholics who separated themselves from the Roman Catholic Church when they rejected (1870) the decrees of the First Vatican Council, especially the dogma of the infallibility of the pope.
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Bibliography

See P. S. de Achutegui and M. A. Bernad, Religious Revolution in the Philippines (2 vol., 1960–66).

References in periodicals archive ?
27) In the Philippines, Catholics comprise 83% of the population (Roman Catholic 81%, Aglipayan 2%), Muslims 5%, Evangelicals 3%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2%, other Christians 4%, other religions 2%, unspecified 0.
de los Reyes, the Iglesia Filipina Independiente (IFI), also called Philippine Independent Church or Aglipayan Church, after its first Obispo Maximo (Supreme Bishop), the Most Rev.
Previously, specialists on this religious movement pointed either to the resurgence of the Catholic Church, lack of IFI's vitality, or a rebellion in 1910 that involved some Aglipayan ministers (Achutegui & Bernad 1961:370-6), while the Episcopalian refusal was grounded on Aglipay's not being enough explicit on his aims and widespread belief in the stories of his 'immorality, dishonesty, and inordinate ambition' (Clymer 1986:123).
On the Aglipayan Church, see Pedro de Achutegui and Miguel Bernad, The Religious Revolution in the Philippines: The Life and Church of Gregorio Aglipay 1860-1960 (Manila, Philippines, 1960).
It ranged from the armed struggle waged by the new CPP and the Muslim resistance in the southern part of the country, the anti-dictatorsbip activities of significant segments of the clergy from the Catholic, Protestant, and Aglipayan churches, the organizing activities and mobilizations waged by youth and student groups, labour unions and various people's organizations of the urban poor, peasants, women, and professionals such as teachers and lawyers, and dissident media groups.
Initial reports from the local police said Fernando Alejo, acting Community Environment and Natural Resource Officer (Cenro) in Narra, a mining town some 60 kilometers south of this provincial capital, was attacked by two men on a motorcycle in front of the Aglipayan Church on Rizal Avenue in that town at 5 p.
Since Thursday, the alleged rebel leader had been detained at the city police station along with an Aglipayan bishop who was with the alleged rebel when they were stopped at a checkpoint.
The suspected communist rebel was with his wife Maria Teofifina Morales, Bishop Carlo Morales of the Aglipayan Church, and driver Sadome Dalid.
A fire burned down the 'Iglesia Filipina Independiente' or Aglipayan church and four other establishments in the city center here on Friday, police said Saturday.
Most of the fire victims were housed at the barangay gymnasium and at the Aglipayan Church while the others stayed with their relatives.
The Flores de Mayo procession of the Romanos was held in such high regard by the town that the Aglipayan Flores never took to the street ahead of it.
He said: 'I am also denouncing Conrado Dieza for misrepresenting himself as CPLA chair, and Nilo Tayag, purportedly an Aglipayan bishop, for their illegal activities'