Philippine Independent Church

(redirected from Aglipayan)

Philippine Independent Church,

religious body that separated from the Roman Catholic Church in 1902 and rejected the spiritual authority of the pope. It is known popularly as the Aglipayan Church, after its founder Gregorio Aglipay. Initially it drew large numbers as a result of nationalist feelings, but later its membership dwindled significantly. Doctrinal disputes and strong factionalism developed. One group allied with American Unitarians and split into various parties. Another, a trinitarian group, moved toward the Episcopal Church, by which their ministers were ordained after 1948 and with which they were formally united in 1961. In 1965 the Philippine Independent Church joined the Old Catholic Union of Utrecht. (See also Old CatholicsOld Catholics,
Christian denomination established by German Catholics who separated themselves from the Roman Catholic Church when they rejected (1870) the decrees of the First Vatican Council, especially the dogma of the infallibility of the pope.
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Bibliography

See P. S. de Achutegui and M. A. Bernad, Religious Revolution in the Philippines (2 vol., 1960–66).

References in periodicals archive ?
Jonash Joyohoy, leader of the National Priest Organization of the Aglipayan Church, contradicted Locsin.
Known as "Hudas-Hudas," the annual practice on the eve of Easter Sunday is solely distinctive to faithful villagers of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente (Philippine Independent Church) or the Aglipayan Church.
Fake priest caught collecting donations at fiesta !-- -- Rey Galupo (The Philippine Star) - February 12, 2019 - 12:00am MANILA, Philippines A man who posed as a priest of the Aglipayan Church was arrested for allegedly collecting donations during a fiesta in Tondo, Manila Sunday afternoon.
(27) In the Philippines, Catholics comprise 83% of the population (Roman Catholic 81%, Aglipayan 2%), Muslims 5%, Evangelicals 3%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2%, other Christians 4%, other religions 2%, unspecified 0.6%, and none 0.1% (2000 census).
A substantial 86% of the surveyed households are Roman Catholics and the remainder are Aglipayan (5 households), Born Again (2) and Pentecostal (1).
Religions (2000 census): Roman Catholic 80.9%, Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1%.
Previously, specialists on this religious movement pointed either to the resurgence of the Catholic Church, lack of IFI's vitality, or a rebellion in 1910 that involved some Aglipayan ministers (Achutegui & Bernad 1961:370-6), while the Episcopalian refusal was grounded on Aglipay's not being enough explicit on his aims and widespread belief in the stories of his 'immorality, dishonesty, and inordinate ambition' (Clymer 1986:123).
Religion (2000 census): Roman Catholic 80.9%, Islam 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1%.
In addition three churches are established by local religious leaders: the Philippine Independent Church or "Aglipayan," the Iglesia ni Cristo (Church of Christ), and the Ang Dating Daan (an offshoot of Iglesia ni Cristo).
On the Aglipayan Church, see Pedro de Achutegui and Miguel Bernad, The Religious Revolution in the Philippines: The Life and Church of Gregorio Aglipay 1860-1960 (Manila, Philippines, 1960).
It ranged from the armed struggle waged by the new CPP and the Muslim resistance in the southern part of the country, the anti-dictatorsbip activities of significant segments of the clergy from the Catholic, Protestant, and Aglipayan churches, the organizing activities and mobilizations waged by youth and student groups, labour unions and various people's organizations of the urban poor, peasants, women, and professionals such as teachers and lawyers, and dissident media groups.
Tomas, who belongs to Iglesia Filipina Independiente more commonly known as the Aglipayan Church, said the Holy Week is "a very special occasion to be reminded of what God had sacrificed to show His love for us."