Mother Teresa

(redirected from Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Teresa, Mother

Teresa, Mother (Saint Teresa of Calcutta), 1910–97, Roman Catholic missionary in India, winner of the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize, b. Skopje (now in North Macedonia) as Gonxha Agnes Bojaxhiu. Of Albanian parentage, she joined the Sisters of Loreto in Ireland at 18 and soon left for India, where she became a nun and taught school in Calcutta (now Kolkata) from 1931, becoming the school's principal in 1944. In 1948 she left the convent and founded the Missionaries of Charity (officially recognized 1950) to care for the poor. She became an Indian citizen in 1951. Her order now operates schools, hospitals, orphanages, and food centers worldwide; she stepped down as the order's leader in 1997. She was canonized by Pope Francis in 2016.


See her writings in In My Own Words (1996, comp. by J. L. González-Balado) and her letters in Come Be My Light (2007, ed. by B. Kolodiejchuk).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The nun was born to Albanian parents in Skopje in what is now known as Macedonia as Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in 1910.
Born in Macedonia as Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, in 1910, she was beatified in 2003 in Rome after the Vatican said an Indian woman's prayers to the nun rid her of an incurable tumour.
Born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in Skopje, Yugoslavia, she joined the Sisters of Loreto in 1928.
Her name at birth, Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, revealed her Albanian origin.
Mother Teresa was born in Skopje, Macedonia on August 26, 1910 and named Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu.