Agobard


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Agobard

(799–840) Lyonnais archbishop, father of medieval anti-Jewish racism. [Fr. Hist.: Wigoder, 15]
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17) Whether Agobard was unaware of or had deigned references too insignificant to mention in his letter, his omission suggests these were not essential elements.
Kershaw considers a wide range of sources produced throughout the ninth century for the insight that they provide on notions of peaceful kingship: Smaragdus of St-Mihiel's Via regia (a mirror for princes written for Louis), Amalarius of Metz's Liber officialis (an exegetical reading of the Christian liturgy), Ermoldus Nigellus' epic poem in praise of Louis (Carmen in honorem Hludowici Christianissimi caesaris augusti), the polemical writings of Agobard of Lyon, the anonymous Song of Count Timo (Carmen de Timone comite), and Florus of Lyon's poetic lament for the destruction caused by the civil war between the sons of Louis the Pious (Querela de divisione imperu).
Ali this can be found in the famous eighth cannon of the Council of Braga of 561, (115) and also in the influential Contra insulsam vulgi opinionem de grandine et tonitruis, by Agobard of Lyons (circa 815-817).
20) For many of the Church Fathers, including Saints Agobard, Proclus, Ephrem of Syria, and Ruffinus of Aquileia, (21) Gabriel's word became the vehicle for the Holy Ghost, entering Marys ear and eventually her womb.
The Jewish parody of the Gospels, Toledot Yeshu [Life of Jesus] actually did outrage Agobard, Bishop of Lyons, in the ninth century, despite the author's uncertainty that Christian authorities knew about it (86).
As early as 838, Agobard of Lyons insisted that 'too many singers study from earliest youth until the hoariness of old age' to learn their chants; as a result they neglect 'readings and the study of divine eloquence: It would be easy to assume, on the basis of this complaint, that there was a 'need' for notation that scribes found a way to meet in a process that continued for centuries afterwards.
As you work your way through the accounts, you find that even under the benign rule of Louis the Pious, Agobard gives early, passionate voice to a counter-narrative.
Agobard expressed this fear of Jewish improvement when he lambasted Emperor Louis for providing Imperial protection to the Jews in the letter De insolentia Judaeorum because tie claimed it "made the Jews insolent, so that they dared to abuse Christ quite openly.
We have historical proof of this from the writings of Archbishop Agobard of Lyons (779-840), who attacked the practice in hatred of the Jews.
16) Agobard of Lyons, Liber Apologeticus, II:2-3, in Agobardi Lugdunensis Opera Omnia, ed.
Pseudo-Jerome (the unknown author of the Quaestiones in librum I, II Samuelis), Claudius of Turin, Agobard of Lyons, Rabanus Maurus and Angelomus of Luxeuil.
Important for de Jong's interpretation of Louis's public penance at Soissons is the second Apologia of one of the bishops present, the ever-combative Agobard of Lyons, a treatise which de Jong convincingly dates to the months between July and October 833.