Agostinho Neto

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Neto, Agostinho


Born Sept. 17, 1922, in Icolo-e-Bengo, Luanda District, Angola. Major figure of the liberation movement of Angola; poet.

Neto was the son of a Protestant clergyman from the Kimbundu tribe. In 1958 he graduated from the faculty of medicine of the university in Coimbra, Portugal, after which he took part in the Angolan people’s liberation struggle against the Portuguese colonizers. In 1962 he became president of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), a party that was founded in 1956. In November 1975 he became president of the People’s Republic of Angola. Neto began writing poetry in 1947. He is the author of the collections Poems (1961, in Portuguese) and Dry Eyes (in Italian, 1963; in Portuguese, 1969). He has received the Lotus Prize from the Permanent Bureau of Afro-Asian Writers (1970).


In Russian translation:
In Stikhi poetov Afriki. Moscow, 1958.
In Vzgliadom serdtsa. Moscow, 1961.
In Zdes’ i trava roditsia krasnoi. Moscow, 1967.
S sukhimi glazami. Moscow, 1970.


Nekrasova, L. V. “Poeziia Angoly i Mozambika.” In the collection Literatura stran Afriki. Moscow, 1964.
Riauzova, E. A. Portugaloiazychnye literatury Afriki. Moscow, 1972. [17–1561–2; updated]
References in periodicals archive ?
This took place in the neighborhood of Kajiza, Kangandala Municipality, and initially the credit will benefit 139 peasants of the AntEnio Agostinho Neto co-operative and the Punda association.
In 1972, Dr Agostinho Neto, the would-be president of independent Angola, summed up the issue in the following Marxist terms: "The system that oppresses and exploits the peasant in Portugal is also the system that oppresses and exploits the Angolan, with different motives, different methods, but always with the same purpose -- exploitation.
Regrettably independence came in the midst of civil war in Angola, and at first, African states were evenly divided between supporters and opponents of the MPLA (People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola) government then headed by Agostinho Neto.
The fact that I had disclosed in the British daily, The Guardian, that both Dr Agostinho Neto and Jonas Savimbi had just escaped from Portugal with the help of the clandestine democratic opposition, added to the regard they bad for me.
I, a descendant of Portuguese peasants who learned in Africa and in exile with such fellow freedom fighters as Amilcar Cabral, Eduardo Mondiane, Agostinho Neto and others, or for that matter the veteran Brazillian black rights fighter, Abdias do Nascimento, the hidden realities of Portuguese imperialism and colonialism, believe that an apology is long overdue.
Ethical approval for the study was granted by the ethics committee of Agostinho Neto University, Luanda, Angola.
In addition to numerous well-appointed museums, such as the Slavery Museum, which pulls no punches in depicting the horrors of this inhuman trade and which serves as both a real and symbolic reminder of just how far, and with how much pain, suffering, determination and courage the people of Angola have come, there is the needle-sharp memorial to Agostinho Neto.
Approval of the study protocol for scientific and ethical aspects was obtained from the Ethical Commission of the School of Medicine of the Agostinho Neto University (Luanda, Angola).
Barros revealed this at a meeting with members of the assessment mission of the World Bank and stressed that schools were built in Nambambe, Agostinho Neto and Tchioco wards and Huila commune.
The protesting legislators included Kibra MP Ken Okoth, Wajir South MP Abdulahi Diriye, Ndhiwa MP Agostinho Neto, Matungulu MP Stephen Mule and Senator Daisy Kanaiza.