Agricultural Commune

Commune, Agricultural

 

a form of agricultural production cooperative that arose during the first years of Soviet power. Land tenure and all means of production (buildings, small implements, and livestock) were socialized in the agricultural commune. Members’ consumption and consumer services were based completely on the public farm, and distribution was equalized, not on the basis of labor but on the basis of the number of mouths to feed. Members did not have their own personal supplementary farms. Agricultural communes were organized primarily on lands that formerly had belonged to landlords and monasteries, and from the state they received, in addition to the land, residential and farm buildings, implements, and other forms of assistance free of charge. As the kolkhoz movement developed, the agricultural commune proved to be an impracticable form of cooperation, since it could not ensure the proper combination of personal and public interests and material incentive linked with the results of labor. It was for this reason that the agricultural communes were transformed into kolkhozes in the late 1920’s and early 1930’s.

REFERENCE

Lenin, V. I. “Rech’ na I Vserossiiskom s”ezde zemel’nykh otdelov, komitetov bednoty i kommun 11 dekabria 1918 g.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 37.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chim Phal, a rice farmer from Kampong Ampil Agricultural Commune near Phnom Penh, lost his entire rice crop because of the lack of rain in early 2015.
By Miko PeledAa <p>48 hours after I landed the reality of this land, a land that people like to call holy, began taking its toll on me.AaThe movie 'Boy In Stripped Pajamas' came to mind as I played with my kids in the pool of Kibbutz Zikkim.AaThis beautiful pastoral little kibbutz or agricultural commune, is on the Mediterranean coast just a stone's throw from Gaza to the north.AaAa
The rocket landed at the kibbutz or agricultural commune of Reim, in the southern Israeli Eshkol region, an Israeli military spokesman said on Thursday.
In a separate incident, Israeli police killed a militant who broke into a home in Maor, an Israeli agricultural commune near the northern West Bank boundary.
An Israeli spokesman said the attack took place at the entrance to an agricultural commune near the town of Kfar Sava.
By Miko PeledAa <p>48 hours after I landed the reality of this land, a land that people like to call holy, began taking its toll on me.Aa The movie "Boy In Stripped Pajamas" came to mind as I played with my kids in the pool of Kibbutz Zikkim.Aa This beautiful pastoral little kibbutz or agricultural commune, is on the Mediterranean coast just a stone's throw from Gaza to the north.AaAa
The rocket landed at the kibbutz or agricultural commune of Re'im, in the southern Israeli Eshkol region, an Israeli military spokesman said on Thursday.
The rocket was launched on Wednesday night close to the refugee camp of el-Bureij and landed at the kibbutz (agricultural commune) of Re'im, in the southern Israeli Eshkol region, an Israeli military spokesman said on Thursday.
Compared to the rest of the hippie movement, the people who joined agricultural communes were rational and sensible.
(2) The examples are numerous and well documented--from German Harmonists reacting against conscription into the armies of Napoleon Bonaparte at the start of the nineteenth century to Americans moving from the northwestern United States to agricultural communes in Soviet Russia in the 1920s (a reversal of the usual directional flow) to hippies pursuing alternative lifestyles in intentional communities in the 1960s.

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