Agricultural Higher Educational Institutions

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Agricultural Higher Educational Institutions


higher educational institutions for the training of specialists in agricultural production—agronomists, zootechni-cians, veterinarians, including biophysicists and biochemists, economists, accountants, scientific and pedagogical cadres, and engineers, including mechanical engineers, electrical engineers, specialists in irrigation and drainage, specialists in land management, and geodesists.

In 1975 the USSR had—under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Agriculture of the USSR—72 agricultural higher educational institutions proper, including six agricultural academies, 63 agricultural institutes, and institutes of fruit and vegetable growing, subtropical agriculture, and cotton growing. It also had 14 veterinary and zooveterinary higher educational institutions, seven institutes for the mechanization and electrification of agriculture, four irrigation and drainage institutes, an institute of land management, a dairy-products institute, and eight branches of agricultural higher educational institutions. It also had the All-Union Agricultural Institute of Correspondence Education. All the Union republics have agricultural higher educational institutions.

The leading agricultural higher educational institutions, those where various scientific schools of thought have taken shape, can confer doctoral and candidate’s degrees (1975). They include the Byelorussian Agricultural Academy (founded 1840; located in Gorki, Mogilev Oblast), the Latvian Agricultural Academy (1939; Jelgava), the Lithuanian Agricultural Academy (1924; Noreikiŝkės, Kaunas Raion), the K. A. Timiriazev Moscow Agricultural Academy (1865), and the Ukrainian Agricultural Academy (1898; Kiev). They also include the Armenian Agricultural Institute (1930; Yerevan), the K. D. Glinka Agricultural Institute (1913; Voronezh), the Gortsy Agricultural Institute (1918; Ordzhonikidze), the Don Agricultural Institute (1918; Persianovka, Rostov Oblast), the Kazakh Agricultural Institute (1930; Alma-Ata), the K. I. Skriabin Kirghiz Agricultural Institute (1933; Frunze), the M. V. Frunze Agricultural Institute (1940; Kishinev), the Kuban’ Agricultural Institute (1921; Krasnodar), the S. M. Kirov Agricultural Institute (1918; Omsk), the A. A. Andreev Agricultural Institute (1930; Orenburg), and the V. V. Dokuchaev Agricultural Institute (1816; Kharkov), the oldest agricultural higher educational institution in the Soviet Union. Other degree-granting agricultural institutes are in Belaia Tserkov’ (1920; Kiev Oblast), Volgograd (1944), Leningrad (1904, reorganized 1922), Novosibirsk (1935), Odessa (1918), Saratov (1913), Stavropol’ (1933), Tashkent (1934), and Ul’ianovsk (1943).

Several other agricultural higher educational institutions can grant advanced degrees. They include the zooveterinary institutes in Alma-Ata (1929), Yerevan (1928), and L’vov (1881), the N. E. Bauman Veterinary Institute in Kazan (1873), the veterinary institutes in Leningrad (1919) and Omsk (1918), and the K. I. Skriabin Veterinary Academy in Moscow (1919). Other such institutions include the V. P. Goriachkin Moscow Institute of Agricultural Production Engineers, the irrigation and drainage institutes in Moscow (1930) and Novocherkassk (1930), and the Moscow Institute of Land Management Engineers (1845). In addition, 67 agricultural higher educational institutions could grant candidate’s degrees in 1974.

All agricultural higher educational institutions in the USSR, with the exception of the All-Union Agricultural Institute of Correspondence Education (1930; Balashikha, Moscow Oblast), have regular departments and, in most cases, special departments for correspondence education; preparatory training divisions and graduate programs are also offered. The full curriculum in agricultural higher educational institutions requires from four years and four months to a full five years of study, depending on the specialty or study program involved.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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