Agrigento(redirected from Agrigentum)
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Italian city in southern Sicily. It is the administrative center of Agrigento Province, with a population of 51,400 as of 1966. It is a center for the extraction of sulfur, which is shipped from Porto Empedocle. There is an archaeological museum in the city.
Agrigento was founded by Rhodians from Gela in about 582 B.C. (in ancient Greek called Acragas; in Latin, Agrigentum). It was a major trading center of the ancient Mediterranean world. In the period of the Punic Wars it was occupied by the Romans in 262 B.C. During the first Sicilian slave revolt in the second century B.C., the city was an important center of the slave movement. Ruins of the ancient city, including Greek temples of the sixth and fifth centuries B.C., have been preserved.