Agriophyllum

Agriophyllum

 

a genus of plants of the family Chenopodiaceae. They are annual heavily branched stiff grasses with alternate, entire, prickly leaves. The flowers are bisexual and grow in small capitate, axillary, spiny inflorescences. There are one to three perianth leaflets (sometimes they are absent). There are two or three stamens and two stigmata. The fruit is compressed with narrow wings. There are five or six species in the Middle East, Central Asia, the Caucasus, Southeast European USSR, and China. In the USSR there are five species, growing primarily in semistationary and shifting sands and on sandy steppes. The most common species is Agriophyllum squarrosum (formerly, A. arenarium), which is used for retaining sands. Young plants of this and other species of Agriophyllum serve as pasture for sheep and camels. The seeds contain oil.

References in periodicals archive ?
In Aeolian sand covered areas, there are also psammophytes such as Agriophyllum squarrosum.
squarrosum, Agriophyllum Bassia dasyplzvlla, squarrosum Echinos gmelinii, Eragrostis poaeoides S(H) (A) 1 (<1) 22(12) AGB (B) 0 4.6 CT (B) 0 3 Alg (tot.) (B) 0 3(1) Alg (%) (B) 0 1/10 Soil microbes (C) Bacteria 15.7 Actinomyces 1.6 Fungi 0.1 Dune age: 26 years 43 years Year: 1981 1964 RSS (A) A.
Unfortunately, they are only useful as grazing for camels, as sheep and goats eat just a few species of chenopod, the genera Corisper-mum, Bassia, Krascheninnikovia [=Eurotia], and Agriophyllum.
Native vegetation includes drought-resistant shrubs, salt-resistant shrubs, and perennial sand-loving herbaceous plants (e.g., Elaeagnus angustifolia, Populus euphratica, Salix purpurea, and Agriophyllum squarrosum) [14].
Zhao, "Experimental study of effects of artificial dew on Bassia dasyphylla and Agriophyllum squarrosum," Journal of Desert Research, vol.