Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa

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Agrippa, Marcus Vipsanius

(mär`kəs vĭpsā`nēəs əgrĭp`ə), c.63 B.C.–12 B.C., Roman general. A close friend of Octavian (later Emperor AugustusAugustus
, 63 B.C.–A.D. 14, first Roman emperor, a grandson of the sister of Julius Caesar. Named at first Caius Octavius, he became on adoption by the Julian gens (44 B.C.) Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus (Octavian); Augustus was a title of honor granted (27 B.C.
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), he won a name in the wars in Gaul before becoming consul in 37 B.C. He organized Octavian's fleet and is generally given much credit for the defeat (36 B.C.) of Sextus PompeiusPompeius, Sextus
, d. 35 B.C., Roman commander; one of the sons of Pompey the Great. He fought for his father at Pharsalus, then went to Egypt and, after the battle of Thapsus, to Spain, where he continued warring against Caesar's followers after the death of his elder brother
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 in the naval battles at Mylae and Naulochus (N Sicily). Agrippa took part in the war against AntonyAntony
or Marc Antony,
Lat. Marcus Antonius, c.83 B.C.–30 B.C., Roman politican and soldier. He was of a distinguished family; his mother was a relative of Julius Caesar.
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, and his naval operations were the basis of Octavian's decisive victory at Actium in 31 B.C. He was perhaps the most trusted of all Augustus' lieutenants and rendered many services, notably in putting down disorders in both the East and West; ultimately he was effectively coruler with Augustus. His third wife was Augustus' daughter JuliaJulia,
feminine name in the Julian gens. 1 Died 54 B.C., daughter of Julius Caesar and wife of Pompey. By her grace and tact she maintained the bond between her father and her husband. After her death the two statesmen became open enemies. 2 39 B.C.–A.D.
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See biography by M. Reinhold (1933).

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