Agricultural Economics

(redirected from Agronomics)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Agronomics: Agricultural economics
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Agricultural Economics

 

in the USSR, socialist agricultural economics, or the science of agriculture as an integrated branch of the economy producing agricultural products. Agricultural economics dates back to the socialist transformation of small peasant farms into the socialist type of large-scale collective production in accordance with V. I. Lenin’s cooperative plan.

Agricultural economics is the study of the particular features that distinguish agricultural production, reproduction, and accumulation, the intensification of agriculture, and the socialist agricultural system as a whole. The subject matter of agricultural economics is the land—the principal means of production in agriculture—and its rational utilization, including (1) the land resources of the USSR and their classification and composition, (2) the material and technological basis and technological advances of agriculture, agricultural fixed capital stock, and agricultural working capital, (3) labor and labor productivity in agriculture, (4) the location and specialization of production in agriculture, and (5) prime costs, prices, and pricing in agriculture, sales of agricultural output, the role of commodity-money relations, and profit-and-loss accounting.

Crop production and animal husbandry, including fodder production, are separate branches of agricultural economics. The industrialization of agriculture is a specialized field. The organization of agricultural enterprises (such as kolkhozes and sovkhozes, interkolkhoz production enterprises, and agroindustrial complexes) is a subdivision of agricultural economics.

The science of agricultural economics is closely related to agronomy—that is, to cropping methods, soil science, land reclamation and chemicalization, agrobiology, genetics, and zootechny. Studies in agricultural economics deal with questions of land appraisal, differential pricing of agricultural products, and equalization of the operating conditions of agricultural enterprises located in different economic and natural zones.

The basic provisions of agricultural economics are worked out in the zonal agricultural economics research institutes and in the departments of agricultural economics that are part of all the agricultural higher education institutes and academies. The All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Agricultural Economics was established in 1955 as part of the V. I. Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences, with affiliates in the RSFSR (North Caucasus, Volga Region, and Central Chernozem Zone); institutes have also been set up under the ministries of agriculture of all the Union republics. In addition, research work in this field is carried out in the agronomy divisions and sectors of the institutes of economics of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and of the Union republics. Publications on agricultural economics include the newspaper Sel’skaia zhizn’ and the journal Ekonomika sel’skogo khoziaistva, both published in Moscow.

REFERENCES

Venzher, V. G. Kolkhoznyi stroi na sovremennom etape. Moscow, 1966.
Ekonomika sotsialisticheskogo sel’skogo khoziaistva. Moscow, 1970.
Leninskoe uchenie o nepe i ego mezhdunarodnoe znachenie. Moscow, 1973. Section 5.

A. M. EMEL’IANOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
[ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 2 OMITTED] But the United States, for all its world-leading access to technology, fertilizer, and agronomic knowledge, has not been able to match this and indeed has not been able to improve yields at all for the past 13 years.
Agronomics said it expects Non-Executive Director Jim Mellon to participate in the equity fundraise to maintain his existing shareholding in the company of 29%.
This acquisition aligns with the company's mission to be the best full-line distributor to landscape professionals and represents its first large agronomic hub in the state of New York.
In terms of value, horticultural products ranked first with 48.6 percent share, followed by agronomic products (24.8 percent) and livestock (16.6 percent), he said.
Paper title: Participatory varietal selection and agronomic evaluation of African eggplant and roselle varieties for fruit, leaf and calyx production in Mali
Box 520, Upper Sandusky, OH 43351 or Bio-Gard Agronomics, Inc., P.O.
Agronomics, economics, and the environment: the research basis for the Wisconsin Recommendations.
"The lack in stocks is being supplied temporarily from Uruguay, and our member growers are increasing red wine production supported by our agronomics department, which is importing rootstocks from Italy and South Africa," he said.
Monsanto owns Holdens Foundation Seeds, supplier of germplasm used on 25-35% of US corn acreage, according to RAFI, and Asgrow Agronomics, which Monsanto describes as "the leading soybean breeder, developer and distributor in the United States." In 1997, they purchased Sementes Agroceres, a major Brazilian producer of corn seed, and in 1998 they bought Cargill's international seed division and Unilever's plant breeding operation, Plant Breeding International, which was once a public institution based at Cambridge University.
OTHER MAIN MARKET AND AIM - WINNERS Agronomics, up 27% at 7.0 pence.
Services range from worldwide risk management and monitoring agricultural commodities, to input sales and precision farming support by using the latest research in agronomics, information technologies and remote sensing.