Also found in: Wikipedia.



The Aguaruna are a people who inhabit Peru’s northern region, where they support themselves through horticulture, hunting, and fishing. Although the interest in dreams and visions among this people has been declining in recent years, it still plays an important role in their response to contemporary problems and in day-to-day decision making.

According to the Aguaruna, dreams may reveal emergent possibilities and events that are developing but have not yet occurred or become fully accomplished facts. Dreams are generally regarded as taking place during the wanderings of the soul during sleep, when it encounters other souls and discovers their intentions. However, the recent exposure of the Aguaruna to Christian concepts of the soul has introduced confusion regarding their understanding of dream experiences, in that some Aguaruna now argue that soul loss of any kind can only result in sickness.

In any case, dreams are considered exclusive events experienced only by the dreamer; they cannot be seen by other people. Dreams can be distinguished according to whether they are spontaneous or intentionally sought. The latter are more significant than the former, in that they require more personal sacrifice and offer greater rewards with respect to their manipulative potential. For the Aguaruna dreams represent a potential field for exercising human control because they occur in an arena of direct contact between people and powerful supernatural beings.

The most powerful Aguaruna dreams concern success in hunting and warfare, and they exercise the same control over the world as magic songs (which might be regarded as magic “spells”). A highly esteemed dream experience is the establishment of contact between a man and an ancient warrior soul that enables him to survive an attack. This type of dream usually involves an initial vision of a terrifying entity that the dreamer must confront, followed by the apparition of the ancient warrior, who acknowledges the dreamer and confirms his future victory in battle. Dreams are often used as vehicles for the expression of authority by leaders and people in positions of power, and their complexity generally invites interpretation by people who have accumulated experience and knowledge in this field.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Am: aguaruna 1, 2, 3; apinaye 1, 2; jivaro; kayapo pau d'Arc; kayapo (kuben-kran-kegn); shikrin; E.
BERLIN, 1975, Aguaruna Color Categories , American Ethnologist, 2: 61-87.
Boyer pays little attention to major world religions and, aside from a few references to Catholicism, concentrates upon primitive religions like that of the Fang peoples of Cameroon or the Aguaruna of the Peruvian Amazon, including their religious practices (rituals--chap.
in colour naming tests: Aguaruna (B12), Batak (B5), Bellona (K19), Dogon (V2), Hanunoo (C6), Kalam (B14, K6), Karam (B32), Kwakw'ala (S2), Kuku Yalinji (B14, K6), Luri (F9), Micmac (K6), Miwok (C1), Mumeng (K6), Uzbek (L15); sky no colou or only bright or dark: Akan (M11), Italian [dialects] (K14-15), Mursi (T13); painted colours: Egyptian [Ancient] (B1, B31, K13, M12)
En las unidades que siguen se invita al estudiante a describir esos y otros lugares como el gran Pajaten, friso Moche, la Puya Raimondi, el Senor de Sipan, el Amazonas, las labores de Melania Jordan (tejedora de Lambayeque), las Manos Cruzadas de Kotosh, el Valle de Mala, la familia yagua en Loreto, las imagenes de Apurimac, Tumbes, al poblador aguaruna, pero todas estas imagenes en su mayoria aparecen aun como parte de los objetos/ mercancia turistica para la exportacion y no como sujetos sociales <<ciudadanos y ciudadanas>> con derechos sociales, culturales, precisamente porque no los tienen.
Millan como contribucion en varios proyectos etnobotanicos que se han realizado en los ultimos 25 anos en las comunidades nativas siguientes: Amahuaca (rio Bocapariamanu, Madre de Dios), Nahuas (rio Serjali, Ucayali), Shipibo Conibo (rio Ucayali, Ucayali), Ashaninca (San Pedro de Pichanaz, Junin), Aguaruna (rio Maranon, Amazonas), Huambisa (rio Santiago, Loreto), Cocama-Cocamilla (rio Pacaya-Samiria, Loreto).
In comparison with studies of other indigenous people, the data from Sarayaku indicate an energy intake higher than for the Tukano, but lower than the Aguaruna and the Achuar.
Of particular importance are the articles by Robert Priest on the way Peruvian Aguaruna converts to Christianity view God, sin, and morality; Charles Farhadian's study of conversions among the Dani of Irian Jaya; Marcela Mendoza's examination of the Western Toba of Argentina; Stephen Glazier's analysis of Baptists who became Rastafarians and then became Baptists again; and Lewis Rambo's theoretical analysis at the end of the book.
The Aguaruna who uses magic in the described manner does not try to say something, but rather to do something of practical value.
Los shawi son vecinos de los aguaruna y existe al menos una comunidad mixta donde la union matrimonial entre individuos de estas dos etnias no es inusual (Ochoa 2009: 22).