Ahmadabad

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Ahmadabad

or

Ahmedabad

(both: ä'mədəbäd`), city (1991 pop. 3,312,216), Gujarat state, NW India, on the Sabarmati River. India's largest inland industrial center, Ahmadabad is noted for its cotton mills. It is also a transportation hub and a commercial center.

Founded in 1412 by Ahmad ShahAhmad Shah
, c.1723–1773, Afghan ruler (1747–73), founder of the Durani dynasty. His success in commanding Afghan forces in India for Nadir Shah of Iran won him the rule of Afghanistan on Nadir's death (1747).
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, the city fell to Akbar in 1573 and enjoyed great prosperity under the MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 empire. The British opened a trading post there in 1619; by the early 19th cent. they controlled the city. After the city opened its first cotton mills in the mid-19th cent., it grew into one of the major centers of cotton production in India. Mohandas GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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 lived for a while in Ahmadabad. It was the temporary capital of the Gujarat state, from 1960 until 1970, when the capital was moved to Gandhinagar.

The cultural center of Gujarat, Ahmadabad has many outstanding mosques and tombs. It is also sacred to the Jains, who have more than 100 temples there. The Jama Masjid, an ancient Hindu temple converted (15th cent.) to a mosque, is one of the city's most beautiful buildings. Gujarat Univ. (1950) is in the city.

Ahmedabad

, Ahmadabad
a city in W India, in Gujarat: famous for its mosque. Pop.: 3 515 361 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Decision has been taken to make two dispensaries functional which are located in Azam Colony and Ahmad Abad.
Meanwhile, the Defense Ministry said airstrikes in Ahmad Abad district in Paktia left 33 Taliban and 17 others wounded.
People in Ahmad Abad and Zurmat districts remember three cases of women dying in child birth because there were no mid-wives in health centres.
Ahmad al-Zalf, Mohamed al-Nakar and Ahmad Abad al-Aziz al-Mahmoud were identified among the dead terrorists.
Residents of Gardez and Ahmad Abad districts in southeastern CAPakistan province complain heavy snows have closed the roads leading to their CAvillages.
The supply will also remain suspended from 7am to 1pm in Mardan, resultantly consumers of Baghe Iram, Charsadda Road, City 2, Rural 1, Nisatta Road, Gujar Garhi, Old, Duran Abad, Dang Baba, Bank Road, Gaju Khan, Eidgah, Bala Garhi, Zando, Garhi Kapoora, Saleem Khan, Sheikh Maltoon, Rashakai, Industrial Old, Industrial New, Bughdada New, MMC, Ahmad Abad, New Toru and Saleem Khan will face inconvenience.
Power supply will remain suspended from 220 KV Mardan Grid station on 29th April from 8 AM to 12 PM, resultantly the consumers of 11 KV PRC, Eid Ghah, Express, Industrial, Charsadda road , Bank Road, City-II, Medical complex Mardan, Sheikh Maltoon, Rural-I, Ahmad Abad, Salim Khan, Rashakai, Gojar Ghari, New Toru feeders will face inconvenience.
Director General of the Pakistani armed forces media wing ISPR Major General Athar Abas told Pajhwok Afghan News four hideouts of Taliban insurgents were destroyed and 12 fighters were killed during today's action in Makin, Ladha, Sra Rogha, Ahmad Abad, Gardai Serai and Dri Sarak areas of the Agency.
Similarly, electricity supply from Rasheed Abad, Rehmat Town, new Jinnah Colony, Rasool Pur, Sadar Bazaar, General Hospital and Jalal Street feeders originating from 132-KV University grid station, GM Abad, Marzi Pura, Rehmat Abad, Qadir Abad, Ahmad Abad, Subhan Abad, Siddhupura, Faiz Abad and Amin Pur feeders emanating from 132-KV Narwala grid station will remain suspended from 8:00 a.m.
Similarly, electricity supply from GM Abad, Marzi Pura, Rehman Abad, Qadir Abad, Ahmad Abad, Subhan Abad, Siddhupura, Faiz Abad and Amin Pur feeders emanating from 132-KV Narwala grid station, new Jinnah Colony, Rasool Pura and Sadar Bazaar feeders originating from 132-KV University grid station will remain suspended from 8:00 a.m.
According to the schedule, power supply from Amin Pur, Langrana, Qadir Abad, Madina Abad, Ahmad Abad, Faizabad and Siddhupura feeders emanating from 132-KV Narwala Road grid station will remain suspended from 7:00am to 11:00am while Darul Ehsan feeder originating from 132-KV Chak Jhumra grid station will observe shutdown from 9:00am to 1:00 pm on Tuesday (July 16).
Similarly, electricity supply from GM Abad, Marzi Pura, Rehman Abad, Qadir Abad, Ahmad Abad, Subhan Abad, Siddhupura, Faiz Abad and Amin Pur feeders emanating from 132-KV Narwala grid station, Rasheed Abad, Rehmat Town, Jalal Street and General Hospital feeders originating from 132-KV University grid station will remain suspended from 8:00 a.m.