Ahmad Shah Durrani

(redirected from Ahmad Shah Abdali)
Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ahmad Shah Durrani

 

Born circa 1721; died 1773. Founder of the independent Afghan Durrani state: shah from 1747. Member of the Sadozai clan of the Durrani tribe.

Ahmad Shah Durrani participated in the campaigns of the Iranian Nadir Shah and displayed great military ability. After Nadir Shah’s death (1747), he went to Afghanistan at the head of the Afghan detachments of the Iranian army. He united all the Afghan tribes under his regime and carried out expeditions to India, Iran, and southern Turkestan. Between 1748 and 1757 he conquered the Punjab, Kashmir, Sirhind, Sind, Khurasan, Balkh, and Baluchistan. He inflicted a crushing defeat on the Marathas in 1761 in the battle at Panipat. Under Ahmad Shah Durrani, the first friendly contacts between Afghanistan and Russia were established.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
As a last resort, the latter sought help from Ahmad Shah Abdali and fought the famous battle of Panipat in 1761.
Bakhshi Lajja Singh (d.1799) was the chief of the Bakhshis of Basali and was a general of Ahmad Shah Abdali. The ancestors of the Bakhshi family of Kauntrila and Basali also played an important role in political history during the Mughal period (1526-1857).
Kriti will next be seen in the Ashutosh Gowariker directorial film 'Panipat' based on the Third Battle of Panipat fought between the Maratha Empire led by Sadashiv Rao Bhau and the invading forces of Ahmad Shah Abdali, the King of Afghanistan.
The portraits of Ahmad Shah Abdali and Manzoor Pashteen conspicuously show that Afghans consider Manzoor Pashteen as their leader as well.
In Kohat Ahmad Shah Abdali (Chairman), Adil Farhan (President), and Yasir Shah (Secretary) were elected unanimously, followed by Malakand Division wherein Sher Afzal elected as Chairman, Sahid Imran as President and Hamza Abbas as Secretary General.
Certainly, Afghanistan is a difficult country and is 200 years older than Pakistan as it was in 1747 when Ahmad Shah Abdali integrated various Afghan tribes and laid the foundation of the Kingdom of Afghanistan.
It is ironic that from Kabul the invasions after the Mughals continued, which suffering and pain have been captured by the great Punjabi poet Waris Shah, who on Ahmad Shah Abdali wrote: 'The morsel in your mouth is yours, the rest belongs to Ahmad Shah'.
"The Iranian King Nadir Shah, followed by Ahmad Shah Abdali and their descendants, had been dominant on and off on Lahore for 70 years.
The Afghan ambassador said the both the nations had common heroes in Ahmad Shah Abdali and Mehmood Ghazanvi, adding that the great saint of Lahore Hazrat Ali Hajveri (Data Gunj Bakhsh) had his origins in Afghanistan.
The architect of modern Afghanistan, Ahmad Shah Abdali, was a Durrani Pushtun.
Founder of the Library, Fasihuddin (PSP) said that a[euro]oewe have to discover the impacts of Iqbala[euro](tm)s thoughts on Afghan culture and society, and also to research the deep impressions of Afghan thoughts on Iqbala[euro](tm)s vision and philosophy of Ego (self).a[euro] He said that a[euro]oeIqbal was profoundly moved by the works, movement and messages of great Afghan and Pushtoon generals, leaders and scholars like Mehmood Ghaznavi, Hakeem Sanai, Sher Shah Suri, Ahmad Shah Abdali, Khushal Khan Khattak and Syed Jamaluddin Aghani, etc.a[euro]