Ahmad Shah Durrani

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Ahmad Shah Durrani

 

Born circa 1721; died 1773. Founder of the independent Afghan Durrani state: shah from 1747. Member of the Sadozai clan of the Durrani tribe.

Ahmad Shah Durrani participated in the campaigns of the Iranian Nadir Shah and displayed great military ability. After Nadir Shah’s death (1747), he went to Afghanistan at the head of the Afghan detachments of the Iranian army. He united all the Afghan tribes under his regime and carried out expeditions to India, Iran, and southern Turkestan. Between 1748 and 1757 he conquered the Punjab, Kashmir, Sirhind, Sind, Khurasan, Balkh, and Baluchistan. He inflicted a crushing defeat on the Marathas in 1761 in the battle at Panipat. Under Ahmad Shah Durrani, the first friendly contacts between Afghanistan and Russia were established.

References in periodicals archive ?
The petitioner said Afghan rulers Ahmad Shah Abdali and Taimoor Shah had also stayed in the fort.
The Afghan ambassador said the both the nations had common heroes in Ahmad Shah Abdali and Mehmood Ghazanvi, adding that the great saint of Lahore Hazrat Ali Hajveri (Data Gunj Bakhsh) had his origins in Afghanistan.
The architect of modern Afghanistan, Ahmad Shah Abdali, was a Durrani Pushtun.
He said that there exist a memorial of Ahmad Shah Abdali and stressed on building memorials of birthplaces of remaining two kings too.
a[euro] He said that a[euro]oeIqbal was profoundly moved by the works, movement and messages of great Afghan and Pushtoon generals, leaders and scholars like Mehmood Ghaznavi, Hakeem Sanai, Sher Shah Suri, Ahmad Shah Abdali, Khushal Khan Khattak and Syed Jamaluddin Aghani, etc.
This mosque, which dates back to the era of Afghan emperor Ahmad Shah Abdali, was damaged by locals who tried to erect a commercial centre in the vicinity.
In telling us the story of the rivalry between the Sadozais, the descendents of Ahmad Shah Abdali who unified the state that subsequently became Afghanistan, and the Barakzais, whose scion Wazir Mohammed Akbar Khan led the revolt against the British in 1841, the writer takes us into the medieval world of blood feuds, treachery, blindings and assassinations.
The third battle of Panipat was fought in 1761 between Marathas and Ahmad Shah Abdali, an ethic Pashtun from Afghanistan.
But his follower, Ahmad Shah Abdali, who invaded India several times, was revered by the Afghans and is their national hero.
After Nadir Shah's death, the kingdom of Afghanistan was established in 1747, by one of his generals, Ahmad Shah Abdali and included Kashmir, Peshawar, Daman, Multan, Sind and Punjab.
The Ruhelas sustained their position, notwithstanding numerous internecine feuds, by always seeking alliances with the various powers that contested for control of Delhi - the Mughal emperors, the Afghans of Ahmad Shah Abdali, the Marathas, and the Sikhs.
Earlier, addressing the ceremony the Afghan ambassador said that both the nations had common heroes in Ahmad Shah Abdali and Mehmood Ghazanvi, adding that the great saint of Lahore Hazrat Ali Hajveri (Data Gunj Bakhsh) had his origins in Afghanistan.