Ahmad Shah Durrani


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Ahmad Shah Durrani

 

Born circa 1721; died 1773. Founder of the independent Afghan Durrani state: shah from 1747. Member of the Sadozai clan of the Durrani tribe.

Ahmad Shah Durrani participated in the campaigns of the Iranian Nadir Shah and displayed great military ability. After Nadir Shah’s death (1747), he went to Afghanistan at the head of the Afghan detachments of the Iranian army. He united all the Afghan tribes under his regime and carried out expeditions to India, Iran, and southern Turkestan. Between 1748 and 1757 he conquered the Punjab, Kashmir, Sirhind, Sind, Khurasan, Balkh, and Baluchistan. He inflicted a crushing defeat on the Marathas in 1761 in the battle at Panipat. Under Ahmad Shah Durrani, the first friendly contacts between Afghanistan and Russia were established.

References in periodicals archive ?
According to the historic accounts, Qamar-ud-Din Khan, minister of Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah died while fighting Ahmad Shah Durrani in 1748.
It also means both organizations can benefit from their reach and strengths across the banking sector, stated the BOP Retail Banking Group Head Ahmad Shah Durrani.
Upon Nadir Shah's death in 1747, the diamond fell into the hands of one of his generals, Ahmad Shah Durrani, who became the Emir of Afghanistan.
After the assassination of Nader Shah in 1747, the stone came into the hands of one of his generals Ahmad Shah Durrani, who later became the Emir of Afghanistan.
The final pages of this story, suitable for students age 7 and up, contain a thumbnail biography of Ahmad Shah Durrani (1722-1772), suggested readers' discussion points, and a map of the Durrani empire of Afghanistan, 1722.
Saikal starts his narrative with the founding of Afghanistan in 1747 by Ahmad Shah Durrani, running through the establishment of the Mohammadzai dynasty created by Dost Mohammad in the 19th century (whose own powerful brothers would spawn rival families for influence), which in turn gave way to Nadiri rule from 1929.
Timor Shah, the son and successor of Ahmad Shah Durrani, the founder of modern Afghanistan, moved the country's capital from Kandahar to Kabul in 1776.
In 1747, following the decline or collapse of those regional empires, Afghanistan reverted to a feudal structure under the military prowess of Ahmad Shah Durrani.
Which of his body parts did the eighteenth-century founder of modern Afghanistan, Ahmad Shah Durrani, replace with silver?
Tirmizey, DCEO BOP, Taimur Afzal Group Head RFD, Ahmad Shah Durrani Group Head RBG, Shahid Waqar Mahmood, Group Head SAM from BOP were also present on the occasion.
The charges were brought by on-field umpires Ruchira Pallyaguru and Ahmad Shah Durrani, and reserve umpire Allan Haggo.