Ahmad Shah Durrani


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Ahmad Shah Durrani

 

Born circa 1721; died 1773. Founder of the independent Afghan Durrani state: shah from 1747. Member of the Sadozai clan of the Durrani tribe.

Ahmad Shah Durrani participated in the campaigns of the Iranian Nadir Shah and displayed great military ability. After Nadir Shah’s death (1747), he went to Afghanistan at the head of the Afghan detachments of the Iranian army. He united all the Afghan tribes under his regime and carried out expeditions to India, Iran, and southern Turkestan. Between 1748 and 1757 he conquered the Punjab, Kashmir, Sirhind, Sind, Khurasan, Balkh, and Baluchistan. He inflicted a crushing defeat on the Marathas in 1761 in the battle at Panipat. Under Ahmad Shah Durrani, the first friendly contacts between Afghanistan and Russia were established.

References in periodicals archive ?
When he died in 1747 and his empire collapsed, the gem went to his grandson who gave it to Ahmad Shah Durrani of Afghanistan.
Ahmad Shah Durrani was the last Muslim conqueror, who captured India in mid-18th century.
However, centuries later, the fort and the area would fall under Afghan rule with Ahmad Shah Durrani coming to rule sections of the area under a treaty.
The Durrani Empire is regarded as the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan with Ahmad Shah Durrani as father of the nation.
In 1748, Ahmed Shah Abdali confirmed Zahid Khan Saddozai as Governor of Multan and 15 years later, Ahmad Shah Durrani appointed Shuja Khan Saddozai, Zahid Khan's younger son, as the governor.
It also means both organizations can benefit from their reach and strengths across the banking sector, stated the BOP Retail Banking Group Head Ahmad Shah Durrani.
It was Nadir Shah, or so legend has it, who baptized the diamond the Kohinoor, or "Mountain of Light." Upon Nadir Shah's death in 1747, the diamond fell into the hands of one of his generals, Ahmad Shah Durrani, who became the Emir of Afghanistan.
After the assassination of Nader Shah in 1747, the stone came into the hands of one of his generals Ahmad Shah Durrani, who later became the Emir of Afghanistan.
"The Wisdom of Ahmad Shah: An Afghan Legend" is a beautiful retelling of a part of the history of a beloved Afghan ruler, King Ahmad Shah Durrani, who lived over 250 years ago.
Saikal starts his narrative with the founding of Afghanistan in 1747 by Ahmad Shah Durrani, running through the establishment of the Mohammadzai dynasty created by Dost Mohammad in the 19th century (whose own powerful brothers would spawn rival families for influence), which in turn gave way to Nadiri rule from 1929.
Timor Shah, the son and successor of Ahmad Shah Durrani, the founder of modern Afghanistan, moved the country's capital from Kandahar to Kabul in 1776.
In 1747, following the decline or collapse of those regional empires, Afghanistan reverted to a feudal structure under the military prowess of Ahmad Shah Durrani. Until his death in 1772, his kingdom encompassed all of modern-day Afghanistan, extended to Baluchistan and Iranian Khorasan, and included the former Mughal territories of Sindh, Punjab, and Kashmir.