Ahmadiyya


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Ahmadiyya

(äh mə dē` yə), a contemporary messianic movement founded (1899) by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (1839–1908), b. Qadiyan, the Punjab. His Barahin-i Ahmadiyya, which he began to publish in 1880, was well received by his Islamic community. In 1889, he announced that he had received a divine revelation authorizing him to accept the baya, the allegiance of the faithful; he later also declared himself the MahdiMahdi
[Arab.,=he who is divinely guided], in Sunni Islam, the restorer of the faith. He will appear at the end of time to restore justice on earth and establish universal Islam. The Mahdi will be preceded by al-Dajjal, a Muslim antichrist, who will be slain by Jesus.
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 and the promised Messiah (masih) of Islam (1891). His doctrine, incorporating Indian, Sufi, Islamic, and Western elements, attempted to revitalize Islam in the face of the British raj, Protestant Christianity, and resurgent Hinduism.

After his death, his followers elected Mawlana Nur ad-Din as his successor. Nur ad-Din died in 1914, and the community split into two branches. The majority remained in Qadiyan and recognized Ghulam Ahmad as prophet (nabi). The basic belief held by the Qadiyani community was and is that it is the sole embodiment of "True Islam." The founder's son, Hadhrat Mirza Bashir ad-Din Mahmud Ahmad (1889–1965), was chosen as Khalifatul-Masih [caliph of the Messiah] by the Qadiyani branch, known today as the Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam (jamaat-i ahmadiyya). His half-century of leadership shaped the movement, operating after 1947 out of the city of Rabwah (which they founded and gave a Qur'anically inspired name) in Pakistan and administering a network of schools and hospitals. His successors have been chosen from among Ghulam Ahmad's descendants; the leader of the movement (since 2003) is Mirza Masroor Ahmad (b. 1950).

The other branch, less willing to distinguish itself from mainstream Islam, recognized Ghulam Ahmad as a reformer (mujaddid) and established what came to be known as the ahmadiyya anjuman ishaat-i Islam movement in Lahore, Pakistan, also known as the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement. Both branches engage in energetic missionary activity in Nigeria, Kenya, Indonesia, and the Indian subcontinent.

Orthodox Islam has never accepted Ghulam Ahmad's visions, and Ahmadis in Pakistan have faced religious and political attacks to the extent that they have been declared apostate and non-Muslim by the country's religious and political elite. A 1974 Pakistani law defined Ahmadis as non-Muslims. A 1984 Pakistani government decree banned the use of Islamic forms of worship by Ahmadis, and the fourth Khalifatul-Masih went into exile in London until his death in 2003. Ahmadis have also suffered from discrimination in other Islamic nations. The most widely cited figure for membership in the Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam is 10 million, although this figure dates to the 1980s; current official movement figures are significantly higher.

Bibliography

See H. J. Fisher, Ahmadiyyah (1963); S. Lavan, The Ahmadiyyah Movement (1974); Y. Friedman, Prophecy Continuous (1989).

References in periodicals archive ?
The commission said that the court's ruling could lead to an increase in instances of aggression and violence against the Ahmadiyya community in particular.
THE Worldwide head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad, has enjoined young members of the Jama'at under the aegis of Waqf-e-nau Ijtema (Dedicated Children to the Will of Allah) to control their temper and show patience at all times.
THE Ahmadiyya Muslim Association has organised an open afternoon at its mosque in Fartown.
The Ahmadiyya Muslim Youth Association (AMYA) and Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (AMC) are hosting the first week of its kind in Wales, with workshops dedicated to teaching people about the religion.
With the help and encouragement of the Ahmadiyya in Britain, Geaves tells their part of the story of British Muslims during the early 20th century.
Summary: Rabwah [Pakistan], Dec 28 (ANI): The Ahmadiyya community, a section that moved its headquarters to Pakistan from India in 1948, purchased a barren stretch of desert land from the government, developing it on their own, naming it Rabwah.
THE Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Newcastle held its second peace conference with 150 guests including Cath Davis, chairman of North Tyneside Council, Andii Bowsher, chaplain of Northumbria University and the key speaker, Ata ul Mujeeb Rashid, missionary in charge of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Association UK.
The Elections (Amendment) Bill 2017 was presented by Law Minister Zahid Hamid and restored status of Ahmadiyya and Lahori groups as in the Constitution of Pakistan.
Mohammed Zafarullah says hes keeping an open-door policy at the Bait-ul-Jaamay Mosque for anyone interested in learning more about him or the Ahmadiyya Muslim community within Islam.
The largest Muslim youth organisation in Britain, the Ahmadiyya Muslim Youth Association (AMYA) held its 'Mercy for Mankind' charity Challenge on August 19 in Fitz Park, Keswick.
I echo the words of the Caliph of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, who warned in one of his addresses in Germany this month that: "Politicians and people of influence should endeavor to persuade their governments to focus on peace-building efforts rather than inflicting conflicts and taking us further towards the abyss.
Andrew's hosted a "Talk and Tour" with the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community Women's Association.