Ahmed III


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Ahmed III,

1673–1736, Ottoman sultan (1703–30), brother and successor of Mustafa II to the throne of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). He gave asylum to Charles XIICharles XII,
1682–1718, king of Sweden (1697–1718), son and successor of Charles XI. The regency under which he succeeded was abolished in 1697 at the request of the Riksdag. At the coronation he omitted the usual oath and crowned himself.
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 of Sweden and to MazepaMazepa, Ivan
, c.1640–1709, Cossack hetman [leader] in the Russian Ukraine. He was made hetman (1687) on the insistence of Prince Gallitzin, adviser to the Russian regent, Sophia Alekseyevna, and he aided Gallitzin in his campaign against the Tatars (1689).
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 after Peter the Great of Russia had defeated (1709) them at Poltava. Charles's advice helped to bring about war between Turkey and Russia (1710–11). By the Treaty of the Pruth (1711), Turkey recovered Azov and the surrounding territory from Russia. Ahmed seized (1715) the Peloponnesus and the Ionian Isles (except Corfu) from Venice, but he was defeated by the Austrians under Prince Eugene of SavoyEugene of Savoy,
1663–1736, prince of the house of Savoy, general in the service of the Holy Roman Empire. Born in Paris, he was the son of Eugène, comte de Soissons of the line of Savoy-Carignano, and Olympe Mancini, niece of Cardinal Mazarin.
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 in 1716–18. By the Treaty of Passarowitz (1718), Banat, Lesser Walachia, and N Serbia, including Belgrade, were lost to the Hapsburg emperor. Ahmed's grand vizier (chief executive officer) after 1718 was Ibrahim, who encouraged learning by establishing several notable libraries and favored the rise of Greek Phanariots (see under PhanarPhanar
or Fanar
, Greek quarter of Constantinople (now İstanbul). Under the Ottoman Empire, Phanar was the residence of the privileged Greek families, called Phanariots. They came into prominence in the late 17th cent.
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) to high offices. The sultan and his minister were overthrown by the JanissariesJanissaries
[Turk.,=recruits], elite corps in the service of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). It was composed of war captives and Christian youths pressed into service; all the recruits were converted to Islam and trained under the strictest discipline.
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, who were jealous of the new aristocracy. Ahmed's nephew Mahmud I became sultan, and Ahmed died in prison.
References in periodicals archive ?
Charles is thrilled when King James commissions his father to deliver a letter directly to Sultan Ahmed III, ruler of the Ottoman Empire.
In the Ottoman Empire, tulips played an important role during the reign of Sultan Ahmed III (1703-1730), which has been labeled the "Tulip Era" (1718-1730).
Although its historical first destination is unknown, in 1719-20 it was presented by Sultan Ahmed III to the mosque of Jerrah Pasha in Dikili Tash in Istanbul.
Second, in the context of the consumption-and pleasure-oriented culture of the socio-economic elite during the Tulip Age--referring to the reign of Ahmed III (1703-1730), or, more specifically, to the tenure of the grand-vizier Ibrahim Pasha (1718-1730)--the increasing numbers of marginalized elements led to social polarization and violent conflicts.
The tone of describing the Tulip Age as decadent continues through the analysis of the two rebellions: "The frivolities of some members of the Ottoman ruling class and their public display of grandeur, wealth, and pleasure during the Tulip Age about the most violent rebellion in the history of Istanbul, one that led to the overthrow of Sultan Ahmed III in October 1730 and the destruction of many of the recently built royal mansions.
Sections here on the relations between Vienna and the Ottoman empire are particularly rich, illustrating a small group of Du Paquier objects still preserved in the Topkapi collections and a series of paintings by Jean-Baptiste van Moor of diplomatic ceremonies, meals and processions in Constantinople in 1727, when the Dutch ambassador met Sultan Ahmed III.
Since we know from other sources, such as the lavish illustrations in The Book of Festivities of Ahmed III (1720), that rope walking was popular at the Turkish court, it is probable that "Turkish" ropewalkers in England bear witness to the influence of performance traditions from the Muslim world on the European repertoire.
He is sailing on a ship carrying the exiled Ottoman Turkish sultan Ahmed III home.
Later, he became the close friend of Sultan Ahmed III (1703-30)--thus his name Nedim, meaning "Boon Companion.
When the Dutch ambassador Cornelis Calkoen came to the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul to present his credentials to Sultan Ahmed III, he had this important event recorded by the painter Jean Baptiste Vanmour.
Sultans as dissimilar as Mehmed II (1451-81), Ibrahim I (1640-48) and Ahmed III (1703-30) were all masters of scholars in this sense.
In the Ottoman Empire, tulips played such an important role that the reign of Sultan Ahmed III (1703-1730) has been labeled the "Tulip Era"(1718-1730).