Sékou Touré

(redirected from Ahmed Sekou Toure)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Touré, Sékou

 

Born Jan. 9, 1922, in Faranah. State and political figure of the People’s Revolutionary Republic of Guinea.

The son of a Malinke peasant, Touré attended a French technical lycée in Conakry in 1936 and 1937. In the late 1930’s and early 1940’s he worked for private companies and in the postal service. While still a youth, Touré became involved in trade union and political work. He was one of the organizers of the first trade unions in Guinea for African workers, and in 1946 he helped found the African Democratic Union. In 1952, Touré became the secretary-general of Guinea’s Party-State (until November 1978, the Democratic Party of Guinea), founded in 1947. From 1956 to 1958 he was a deputy to the French National Assembly. In November 1958 he became president of the independent Republic of Guinea; from 1958 to 1972 he was also head of the government. In 1961, Touré received the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Nations. He made official visits to the USSR in 1959, 1960, and 1965.

Touré is the author of numerous works on issues concerning the African peoples’ struggle for independence. In his writings, he maintains that African nations, particularly Guinea, must develop along noncapitalist lines.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
After independence in 1961, Sierra Leone's relations with the Republic of Guinea under the leadership of Ahmed Sekou Toure, who became suspicious of Fula opposition to his rule, exacerbated government policy towards illegal migrants from Guinea.
Ahmed Sekou Toure, the first President of the Republic of Guinea, is another champion of African Socialism.
The founding fathers of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), such as Mwalimu Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, Ahmed Sekou Toure of Guinea, Farahat Abbas of Algeria, Augustinho Neto of Angola, Samora Machel of Mozambique, Amilcar Cabral of Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde, and Oginga Odinga of Kenya have laid out the first building blocks of the organization's path.
Those names appear for President of Sudan Ibrahim Abboud, President of Guinea Ahmed Sekou Toure, Moroccan King Hassan II and Prime Minister of Pakistan Liaguat Ali Khan.
Zhou En Lai developed very warm personal ties with influential post-independence African leaders such as Ahmed Sekou Toure (Guinea Conakry), Julius K.
En 1958, elle a ete mise a la disposition de la Gui-nee - nouvellement independante - sous la presidence d'Ahmed Sekou Toure, pere de la [beaucoup moins que] Revolution [beaucoup plus grand que] et feru de culture.
[beaucoup moins que]La Guinee, depuis le president Haj Ahmed Sekou Toure, a toujours soutenu la position marocaine sur le Sahara.
It is music that dates from a time when, under the patronage of Guinea's first independent head of state, Ahmed Sekou Toure, national ensembles were created to cement national identity and pride.
Led by Ahmed Sekou Toure, head of the Democratic Party of Guinea (PDG), which won 56 of 60 seats in 1957 territorial elections, the people of Guinea in a September 1958 plebiscite overwhelmingly rejected membership in the proposed French Community.
The former colonial soldier led the world's number one bauxite exporter with strong-arm tactics since taking power in a coup in 1984, after Ahmed Sekou Toure, the West African country's first president, died in a US hospital.
Julius Nyerere, Kenneth Kaunda, and Ahmed Sekou Toure, African leaders who supported nationalist armed struggles, are described as "paranoid strongmen" (p.
Jackson excuses this behavior by a politician who admired some of Africa's autocrats like Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Guinea's Ahmed Sekou Toure by arguing that "It simply reflected his impatience with indecisiveness, and his aristocratic heritage" (p.99).