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Aberdeen,city (1991 pop. 218,200) and council area, NE Scotland, on the North Sea at the mouth of the Dee River. It is Scotland's third largest city. Aberdeen is the financial and administrative center for Britain's North Sea oil industry as well as a major fishing port and granite-quarrying center. Aberdeen became a royal burgh in 1176 and was a leading port for trade with England and the Low Countries as early as the 14th cent. The town was burned by the English in 1336. It was a stronghold of royalist and episcopal sentiment in the religious wars of the 17th cent. Aberdeen is noted for its granite Cathedral of St. Machar. The Univ. of Aberdeen includes King's College (founded 1493) and Marischal College (founded 1593).
Aberdeen(ăb`ərdēn'). 1 Town (1990 pop. 13,087), Harford co., NE Md., in a farm region; inc. 1892. Just south, on Chesapeake Bay, is the U.S. army's huge Aberdeen Proving Ground, a major research, development, and testing installation and site of the army ordnance center and school. An ordnance museum is on the grounds. 2 City (1990 pop. 24,927), seat of Brown co., NE S.Dak.; inc. 1882. The trade and distribution center for a wheat and livestock region, it has grain elevators and soybean oil, candy, and dairy-processing plants. Other industries include machinery, electronic and medical equipment, chemicals, computers, printing, wood products, and ethanol. Northern State Univ. and the Dakota Prairie Museum are there. 3 City (1990 pop. 16,565), Grays Harbor co., W Wash., a port of entry on Grays Harbor, at the confluence of the Chehalis and the Wishkah rivers; inc. 1890. With its adjacent twin city, HoquiamHoquiam
, city (1990 pop. 8,972), Grays Harbor co., W Wash., on Grays Harbor; inc. 1890. With its twin city, Aberdeen (3,) it has fishing, shellfishing, lumbering, wood products, paper, cranberry, and tourist industries.
..... Click the link for more information. , it has lumbering, shipping, boatbuilding, seafood-processing, and steel and copper foundries. Wood products and lumbering, long the local economic mainstays, have declined since the late 20th cent. The cities serve as a gateway to Olympic National Park (see under Olympic Mts.Olympic Mountains,
highest part of the Coast Ranges, on the Olympic Peninsula, NW Wash. Mt. Olympus (7,965 ft/2,427 m) is the highest point in the mountains, which are composed mainly of sedimentary rock.
..... Click the link for more information. ). Aberdeen is the site of Grays Harbor Historical Seaport and its tall ships.
Aberdeen,former county, Scotland: see AberdeenshireAberdeenshire,
council area (1993 est. pop. 223,630), 2,438 sq mi (6,315 sq km), and former county, NE Scotland. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, the county of Aberdeenshire (or Aberdeen) became part of the Grampian region in 1975.
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George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of. 1784--1860, British statesman. He was foreign secretary under Wellington (1828) and Peel (1841--46); became prime minister of a coalition ministry in 1852 but was compelled to resign after mismanagement of the Crimean War (1855)
1. a city in NE Scotland, on the North Sea: centre for processing North Sea oil and gas; university (1494). Pop.: 184 788 (2001)
2. City of. a council area in NE Scotland, established in 1996. Pop.: 206 600 (2003 est.). Area: 186 sq. km (72 sq. miles)
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