Aichi

Aichi

(ī`chē), prefecture (1990 pop. 6,690,440), 1,962 sq mi (5,082 sq km), central Honshu, Japan. Bounded on the S and W by Ise Bay, Aichi consists of a coastal plain (the Nobi Plain) and a mountainous, forested interior. It is drained by the Kiso River, an important source of hydroelectric power. NagoyaNagoya
, city (1990 pop. 2,154,793), capital of Aichi prefecture, central Honshu, Japan, on Ise Bay. A major port, transportation hub, and industrial center, it has iron- and steelworks, textile mills, aircraft factories, automotive works, and chemical, plastics, electronics,
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, the capital, and its surrounding suburbs make up the Chukyo Industrial Region, which is Japan's third largest industrial concentration. It produces automobiles, textiles, ceramics, machinery, and chemicals. Aichi's major industrial centers are Nagoya, Toyohashi, Okazaki, Ichinomiya, Toyota, Tanjo, and Seto. Agricultural products and raw silk are produced, and lignite and quartz are mined. Expo 2005 was held in Aichi. Central Japan International Airport is located nearby on an artificial island in Ise Bay near Tokoname.

Aichi

 

a prefecture in Japan, in central Honshu Island. It has an area of 5,000 sq km and a population of 4.8 million (1965), 80 percent of which is urban. Its administrative center is Nagoya. A large part of the area consists of hilly coastal lowlands and plateaus surrounding the Ise, Chita, and Atsumi bays. The southern spurs of the Kiso and Akaishi mountain ranges, rising to an elevation of 600–700 m, are located in the northeast.

Aichi is the nucleus of an industrial region known as Chukyo. The cities of Nagoya, Kariya, and Toyota form a solid industrial zone. With 860,000 people employed in industry (1964), Aichi produces 10 percent (in money value) of the country’s industrial output. Aichi’s major industries (1964) are textiles (22 percent); transportation machine building, including automobiles (16.4 percent); heavy chemistry (6 percent); machine-tool building (7.4 percent); metallurgy (6 percent); and food (8.6 percent). Its talc extraction is the largest in Japan (1.5 million tons).

The cultivated area covers 123,000 hectares and is concentrated mainly in the coastal regions. Of this area, 68 percent is under rice and more than 6 percent is under orchards. In 1966, 193,000 tons of rice and 24,000 tons of wheat were harvested. Fruits and flowers are also grown. The harvest of raw silk amounted to 600 tons. Animal husbandry statistics are cattle, 47,500 head, including 30,000 cows; pigs, 301,000; and poultry, 8 million. The fishing industry has also been developed, with a total catch of 54,500 tons in 1964. There are resorts along the seashore.

N. A. SMIRNOV

References in periodicals archive ?
CONTACT: Ayumi Okamoto, PR and Advertising Office of Japan Association for the 2005 World Exposition, Aichi, Japan, E-mail: okamotoa@expo2005.
TOKYO, November 1 /PRNewswire/ -- The Japan Association for the 2005 World Exposition began the online distribution of "EXPO 2005 AICHI, JAPAN E-mail Newsletter" on Wednesday, October 27, 2004.
The sources said the Nagoya District Public Prosecutors Office and the Aichi prefectural police plan to question Fujichiku's 62-year-old president and others to find out if Fujichiku had defrauded the government of a certain amount of money by abusing a state beef-buyback program to calm BSE concerns.
Tax investigators raided an oil refinery and sales company in Toyota, Aichi Prefecture, on suspicion of evading some 200 million yen in taxes, industry sources said.
Thai police on Monday arrested a 34-year-old Thai man who allegedly killed a compatriot at a company dormitory in Japan's Aichi Prefecture in June 1992.
The Aichi prefectural government said Thursday it has found a soft drink imported from China contains an active ingredient of the anti-impotence drug Viagra and directed the importer in Nagoya to recall the product.
based in Tokoname, Aichi Prefecture, is the first concern in Japan to put human tissue and cells other than blood to commercial use.
The 15 million anticipated visitors to the 2005 World Expo in Aichi, Japan, are experiencing superior audio performances at the Expo Hall thanks to the teaming of Yamaha's professional audio equipment and Cirrus Logic's CobraNet(TM) digital audio over Ethernet technology.
Viet Nam attaches importance to cooperation with Japanese localities, including Aichi prefecture, said Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc at a reception for visiting Aichi Governor Hideaki Ohmura in Ha Noi on September 10.
6 gubernatorial election in Aichi Prefecture, with five candidates running, including a former House of Representatives lawmaker backed by controversial Nagoya Mayor Takashi Kawamura.
To the Editor: Aichi virus, a member of the Kobuvirus genus of the Picornaviridae family (1,2), is a positive-sense, single-stranded RNA virus with a genome of 8,280 nt and a poly(A) tail.
will cease production at its wholly owned manufacturing unit in Aichi Prefecture by March and shut down the site around September as part of its restructuring program, sources familiar with the matter said Tuesday.