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Aichi (īˈchē), prefecture, 1,962 sq mi (5,082 sq km), central Honshu, Japan. Bounded on the S and W by Ise Bay, Aichi consists of a coastal plain (the Nobi Plain) and a mountainous, forested interior. It is drained by the Kiso River, an important source of hydroelectric power. Nagoya, the capital, and its surrounding suburbs make up the Chukyo Industrial Region, which is Japan's third largest industrial concentration. It produces automobiles, textiles, ceramics, machinery, and chemicals. Aichi's major industrial centers are Nagoya, Toyohashi, Okazaki, Ichinomiya, Toyota, Tanjo, and Seto. Agricultural products and raw silk are produced, and lignite and quartz are mined. Expo 2005 was held in Aichi. Central Japan International Airport is located nearby on an artificial island in Ise Bay near Tokoname.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a prefecture in Japan, in central Honshu Island. It has an area of 5,000 sq km and a population of 4.8 million (1965), 80 percent of which is urban. Its administrative center is Nagoya. A large part of the area consists of hilly coastal lowlands and plateaus surrounding the Ise, Chita, and Atsumi bays. The southern spurs of the Kiso and Akaishi mountain ranges, rising to an elevation of 600–700 m, are located in the northeast.

Aichi is the nucleus of an industrial region known as Chukyo. The cities of Nagoya, Kariya, and Toyota form a solid industrial zone. With 860,000 people employed in industry (1964), Aichi produces 10 percent (in money value) of the country’s industrial output. Aichi’s major industries (1964) are textiles (22 percent); transportation machine building, including automobiles (16.4 percent); heavy chemistry (6 percent); machine-tool building (7.4 percent); metallurgy (6 percent); and food (8.6 percent). Its talc extraction is the largest in Japan (1.5 million tons).

The cultivated area covers 123,000 hectares and is concentrated mainly in the coastal regions. Of this area, 68 percent is under rice and more than 6 percent is under orchards. In 1966, 193,000 tons of rice and 24,000 tons of wheat were harvested. Fruits and flowers are also grown. The harvest of raw silk amounted to 600 tons. Animal husbandry statistics are cattle, 47,500 head, including 30,000 cows; pigs, 301,000; and poultry, 8 million. The fishing industry has also been developed, with a total catch of 54,500 tons in 1964. There are resorts along the seashore.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The best time to witness Sakura, located in Aichi Prefecture, begins from the end of March and lasts till May.
The application is aimed at reducing the number of traffic accidents in Aichi Prefecture which are caused by drivers using their smartphones while driving.
Background: Sompo Japan owns Himawari Hall, a theater devoted exclusively to puppet shows in Nagoya City, Aichi Prefecture. The company has been conducting community outreach activities jointly with the Aichi Puppetry Center, the NPO that operates this theater.
Toyota Motor Corporation (NYSE: TM) (LSE: TYT) (TYO: 7203), a Japan-based automaker, is conducting a series of verification tests in Aichi Prefecture, Japan from November 2012 to March 2013.
16 November 2011 - JCR today assigned AAA rating to the JPY20bn (USD260m/EUR192m) 1.006% municipal bonds due 30 November 2021 issued by Aichi Prefecture.
Miyoshi Country Club, Miyoshi, Aichi Prefecture. 7:50 a.m.
Kawamura will step down as Nagoya mayor and run again in a mayoral election in February to be held simultaneously with an election to elect a new governor of Aichi Prefecture. In the elections, Mr.
(Oguchi, Aichi Prefecture) figures it can develop 44 new models in Japan during 2010, more than double the number for the previous year.
Aichi virus, the type species, was first recognized in 1989 as the cause of oyster-associated nonbacterial gastroenteritis in persons in the Aichi Prefecture in Japan.
After closing the plant, the operations carried out there will be transferred to its headquarters site in Komaki, Aichi Prefecture, and to a manufacturing base in Oita Prefecture, with 100 full-time workers to be reassigned within the firm.
A 26-year-old local male resident, who saw the burning vehicle in Anjo, Aichi prefecture, called an ambulance.