The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a Kazakh sociopolitical and literary magazine that appeared in Troitsk between January 1911 and August 1915; 88 issues were published.

Aikap’s founder and editor was the journalist and democratic writer M. Seralin. Such writers as S. Toraigyrov, S. Donentaev, S. Seifullin, and B. Mailin appeared in Aikap’s pages. The magazine defended the interests of the Kazakh poor and called the people to enlightenment and progress. It played a major role in the establishment of Kazakh prose, dramaturgy, literary criticism, and literary language. Censorship considerations led to the cessation of the magazine’s publication.


Istoriia Kazakhskoi SSR, vol. 1. Alma-Ata, 1957.
Kenjebaev, B. Qazaq khalqïnïng XX ghas’ïr bas’indagh’ï demokrat jazushïlarï. Alma-Ata, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.