Aimé Césaire

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Aimé Fernand David Césaire
Claude Pierre
Birthday
BirthplaceBasse-Pointe, Martinique
Died
NationalityMartiniquan
Known for Poet, Politician

Césaire, Aimé

 

Born June 25, 1913, in Basse-Pointe, Martinique. Martinican writer. Writes in French.

In the narrative poem Return to My Native Land (1939; complete edition, 1947), Césaire passionately defended the dignity of the oppressed black man, scattered throughout the world. During the 1940’s and 1950’s his work was greatly influenced by surrealism, which he perceived as a form of revolutionary art; the influence can be seen in the poetry collections Les Armes miraculeuses (1946) and Soleil cou-coupé (1948) and in the drama in verse Et les Chiens se taisaient (1956). In the poetry collection Ferrements (1960), Césaire abandoned surrealism. The main theme of this collection—the difficulties of the road to liberation—is also developed in the play The Tragedy of King Christophe (1963) and in the play A Season in the Congo (1966), which is devoted to P. Lumumba.

REFERENCES

Juin, H. Aimé Césaire, poète noir. Preface by Claude Roy. Paris [1956].
Aimé Césaire. Introduction by L. Kesteloot. Paris [1966].
Aimé Césaire, écrivain martiniquais. Paris [1971].
Harris, R. E. L’Humanisme dans le théâtre d’Aimé Césaire. Ottawa, 1973.

I. D. NIKIFOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
From this avowedly apocalyptic perspective, Munro briefly considers the contributions to the issue of thinkers such as Aime Cesaire, Antonio Benitez-Rojo, and Edouard Glissant.
The founding fathers of the movement were Aime Cesaire, Senghor, and Leon-Gontran met while studying in Pairs in 1930s and started to disseminate their ideas in a journal called "The Black Student".
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The contract involves the ~ eastern extension of ~ passenger terminal of ~ international airport Martinique Aime Cesaire for creating ~ a regional terminal and on ~ West extension of the building with a set standard 3 baggage screening systems standards.
On rappelle qu'en France, des ecrivains francais ont eu les honneurs des funerailles nationales : Victor Hugo (1885), Pierre Loti (1923), Maurice Barres (1923), Paul Valery (1945), Colette (1954) et Aime Cesaire (20 avril 2008).
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The book begins with the Negritude Movement, and specifically the work of Leopold Senghor, Aime Cesaire, and Jean-Paul Sartre.
James (Trinidad), Luis Pales Matos (Puerto Rico), Aime Cesaire (Martinique), Derek Walcott (Saint Lucia), Edouard Glissant (Martinique), and Manuel Zapata Olivella (Colombia).
L'anticolonialisme est le point de convergence entre les trois grands auteurs du XXe siecle que sont Edouard Glissant, Aime Cesaire et Kateb Yacine, ont souligne dimanche a Guelma, les participants au 6e colloque international dedie a l'auteur de [beaucoup moins que] Nedjma [beaucoup plus grand que].
Esposa de Aime Cesaire, a quien le habia presentado Leopold Sedar Senghor en Paris, Suzanne Roussy proclamara con su pluma panfletaria la cultura martiniquesa en su tierra, Martinica, exponiendo la necesidad de que las Antillas reflexionen acerca de su identidad teniendo en cuenta el Africa historica originaria.
Servair, France's largest airport catering and service provider has opened a new restaurant and lounge at Aime Cesaire International Airport, Martinique's international gateway.
Se va a experimentar un cambio en la perspectiva cultural, dirigida en parte por los intelectuales y escritores Aime Cesaire, Suzanne Cesaire y Rene Menil en la isla de Martinique.