Aimé Césaire

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Aimé Fernand David Césaire
Claude Pierre
Birthday
BirthplaceBasse-Pointe, Martinique
Died
NationalityMartiniquan
Known for Poet, Politician

Césaire, Aimé

 

Born June 25, 1913, in Basse-Pointe, Martinique. Martinican writer. Writes in French.

In the narrative poem Return to My Native Land (1939; complete edition, 1947), Césaire passionately defended the dignity of the oppressed black man, scattered throughout the world. During the 1940’s and 1950’s his work was greatly influenced by surrealism, which he perceived as a form of revolutionary art; the influence can be seen in the poetry collections Les Armes miraculeuses (1946) and Soleil cou-coupé (1948) and in the drama in verse Et les Chiens se taisaient (1956). In the poetry collection Ferrements (1960), Césaire abandoned surrealism. The main theme of this collection—the difficulties of the road to liberation—is also developed in the play The Tragedy of King Christophe (1963) and in the play A Season in the Congo (1966), which is devoted to P. Lumumba.

REFERENCES

Juin, H. Aimé Césaire, poète noir. Preface by Claude Roy. Paris [1956].
Aimé Césaire. Introduction by L. Kesteloot. Paris [1966].
Aimé Césaire, écrivain martiniquais. Paris [1971].
Harris, R. E. L’Humanisme dans le théâtre d’Aimé Césaire. Ottawa, 1973.

I. D. NIKIFOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Contract award: repair of fire escapes pre gateways 7 and 8 from the airport martinique aime cesaire.
The book begins with the Negritude Movement, and specifically the work of Leopold Senghor, Aime Cesaire, and Jean-Paul Sartre.
James (Trinidad), Luis Pales Matos (Puerto Rico), Aime Cesaire (Martinique), Derek Walcott (Saint Lucia), Edouard Glissant (Martinique), and Manuel Zapata Olivella (Colombia).
L'anticolonialisme est le point de convergence entre les trois grands auteurs du XXe siecle que sont Edouard Glissant, Aime Cesaire et Kateb Yacine, ont souligne dimanche a Guelma, les participants au 6e colloque international dedie a l'auteur de [beaucoup moins que] Nedjma [beaucoup plus grand que].
Servair, France's largest airport catering and service provider has opened a new restaurant and lounge at Aime Cesaire International Airport, Martinique's international gateway.
Chapter 2 focuses on the pathological dichotomy of hunger and gluttony within the work of Patrick Chamoiseau and Aime Cesaire, with a detour into the fascinating colonial context of talking birds in the writing of Georges-Louis Leclerc (Comte de Buffon), Jean-Baptiste Du Tertre Jean-Baptiste Labat, and Claude Levi-Strauss.
It seems that art will play a fairly major role at the fair, with exhibitions on the works of author Aime Cesaire, and old postcards and reproductions of Perthuis' manuscripts from the Fouad Debbas Collection.
Two new routes will commence June 1 between SJU and Aime Cesaire Airport de Fort-de-France in Martinique (FDF) and the Pointe-a-Pitre Intl Airport in Guadeloupe (PTP).
Rojas takes the title for his book of eight essays from anti-imperialist Aime Cesaire of the French Caribbean island of Martinique.
Sarkozy had traveled to Martinique for a timely photo-op with one of the surviving icons of the anti-colonial movement, Aime Cesaire.
Jones (Assistant Professor of English, University of California-Berkeley) focuses on how the philosophy of Henri Bergson and Nietzsche, and the poetry of Leopold Senghor and Aime Cesaire, worked to shape and influence the idea of human life into an aesthetic and metaphysical concept the included considerations of race and nationhood.
As I am most familiar with the work of Aime Cesaire and Leopold Sedar Senghor, I will use them as examples.