Aimé Césaire

(redirected from Aime Cesaire)
Aimé Fernand David Césaire
Claude Pierre
BirthplaceBasse-Pointe, Martinique
Known for Poet, Politician
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Césaire, Aimé


Born June 25, 1913, in Basse-Pointe, Martinique. Martinican writer. Writes in French.

In the narrative poem Return to My Native Land (1939; complete edition, 1947), Césaire passionately defended the dignity of the oppressed black man, scattered throughout the world. During the 1940’s and 1950’s his work was greatly influenced by surrealism, which he perceived as a form of revolutionary art; the influence can be seen in the poetry collections Les Armes miraculeuses (1946) and Soleil cou-coupé (1948) and in the drama in verse Et les Chiens se taisaient (1956). In the poetry collection Ferrements (1960), Césaire abandoned surrealism. The main theme of this collection—the difficulties of the road to liberation—is also developed in the play The Tragedy of King Christophe (1963) and in the play A Season in the Congo (1966), which is devoted to P. Lumumba.


Juin, H. Aimé Césaire, poète noir. Preface by Claude Roy. Paris [1956].
Aimé Césaire. Introduction by L. Kesteloot. Paris [1966].
Aimé Césaire, écrivain martiniquais. Paris [1971].
Harris, R. E. L’Humanisme dans le théâtre d’Aimé Césaire. Ottawa, 1973.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
La generale de la piece de theatre, "Une tempete ", une reflexion sur le concept de race, sur le pouvoir, et la decolonisation, du celebre ecrivain Aime Cesaire a ete presentee, mercredi 6 Fevrier a Alger, par "La troupe du Festin", devant un public tres peu nombreux.
While Aime Cesaire is acknowledged as the first to have used the word Negritude in his 'Notebook of the return to my native country' published in 1939, Warren (1990) notes that Leon Damas was the first to publish poetry demonstrating Negritude.
From this avowedly apocalyptic perspective, Munro briefly considers the contributions to the issue of thinkers such as Aime Cesaire, Antonio Benitez-Rojo, and Edouard Glissant.
The founding fathers of the movement were Aime Cesaire, Senghor, and Leon-Gontran met while studying in Pairs in 1930s and started to disseminate their ideas in a journal called "The Black Student".
Moore, Claude McKay, Eric Walrond, Marcus and Amy Jacques Garvey, Eulalie Spence, George Padmore, and Alejo Carpentier, as well as how the work of others like Aime Cesaire, Claudia Jones, Frantz Fanon, Amy Ashwood Garvey, H.G.
Wetmore, Jr., "A Conversation with David Henry Hwang" (7-22); Giuseppe Sofo, "Translating Tempests: A Reading of Aime Cesaire's Une Tempete in Translation" (23-32); Bruce Louden, "Telemachos, the Odyssey and Hamlet" (33-50); Todd O.