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For instance, chapters on Jerusalem and Aintab illustrate this point by exploring Ottoman imposed architecture and introduction of Ottoman administration at a local level.
(47) Alice Shepard Riggs, Shepard of Aintab (New York: Interchurch Press, 1920), 29, Papers of the ABCFM, Reel 666, No: 604.
Shepard's memoirs, see Alice Shepard Riggs, Shepard, of Aintab.
A good many Armenian evangelicals played a very decisive role in the defence of the Armenian population in the cities of Van, Ourfa, Shabin-Karahissar, Mousa Dagh and Aintab.
The Aleppo College, until a decade ago a junior college, is really a continuation of Central Turkey College originally established in 1876 in the Cilician town of Aintab. It was a university-level college which included a medical school.
Much of the first quarter of the work deals with an exhaustive survey of Aintab's place in Islamic history, both before and after its incorporation into the Ottoman domains by Sultan Selim I in 1516.
After examining the various ways in which the people of Aintab used (or failed to use) the Islamic court during this critical period, Peirce argues that Ottoman actors utilized multiple strategies in interacting with the court.
However, while the agency of the elite actors in Aintab's society are always present in the work, what makes Peirce's book so remarkable is the way in which she has made some of the most marginal actors in Ottoman society a centerpiece of her presentation.
And I will Divorce Her': Orality, Honor, and Representation in the Ottoman Court of 'Aintab." In Women in the Medieval Islamic World: Power, Patronage, and Piety, ed.
Leslie Peirce seems to subscribe to this opinion in her brilliant study on gender relations and legal practice in sixteenth-century 'Aintab: "a case can be made that under the Ottoman regime [in 'Aintab, during the sixteenth century,] written documentation was proving superior to oral testimony, and therefore edging the latter out, at least in matters pertaining to property" (2003: 102).
Admittedly, both Beshara Doumani and Leslie Peirce mention in their studies on eighteenth-century Nablus and sixteenth-century 'Aintab a few litigations in which the sicils were consulted for legal documentation in support of specific claims made during the litigation (Doumani 2003: 179-92; Peirce 2003: 282).
Her study is based on a close reading of a wide array of Ottoman law codes and court decisions from the city of Aintab. Peirce examines how legal terms for men and women changed as they matured, and shows that the points at which terms changed reflected a transformation in the individual's position in society.