cassava

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Related to Aipim: Macaxeira

cassava

(kəsä`və) or

manioc

(măn`ēŏk), name for many species of the genus Manihot of the family Euphorbiaceae (spurgespurge
, common name for members of the Euphorbiaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees of greatly varied structure and almost cosmopolitan distribution, although most species are tropical. In the United States the family is most common in the Southeast.
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 family). The roots, which resemble sweet potatoes and are eaten in much the same way, yield cassava starch, a staple food in the tropics. The cassava is native to Amazonia and has long been cultivated there by the indigenous population. It is now a major food source in many parts of the moist lowland tropics, particularly in Africa. Most cassava flour is made from M. esculenta, sometimes called bitter cassava because of the presence in the raw roots of prussic acid in sufficient quantities to be deadly. This poison is dispelled by long cooking or (for flour) pressing. Some cultivated varieties with a lesser acid content, called sweet cassava, are edible raw as well as boiled and can be used for fodder. It is important to process cassava as quickly as possible after harvesting; enzymes in the root will cause deterioration of the final product if processing is not completed within 48 hours. Cassava roots are also fermented to make an alcoholic beverage, are the source of tapiocatapioca
, widely used starchy food, obtained from the fleshy root of the bitter cassava. Tapioca is sold in flake or flour form and as the pellet pearl tapioca. Tapioca flour is widely used in place of wheat flour in regions where it is grown, e.g.
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, or Brazilian arrowroot, and are utilized in other ways, e.g., for cotton sizing and laundry starch. Cassava is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Euphorbiales, family Euphorbiaceae.

cassava

[kə′sav·ə]
(botany)
Manihot esculenta. A shrubby perennial plant grown for its starchy, edible tuberous roots. Also known as manihot; manioc.

cassava

any tropical euphorbiaceous plant of the genus Manihot, esp the widely cultivated American species M. esculenta (or utilissima) (bitter cassava) and M. dulcis (sweet cassava)
References in periodicals archive ?
Vila Rural do Lageado Cultivos e ou Frequencia Frequencia da exploracoes das venda dos exploracoes excedentes (%) (%) Hortalicas 100 35 Batata doce 40 - Aipim 80 10 Repolho 80 5 Cebola 70 5 Pepino 85 - Abobora 55 15 Tomate 55 - Beterraba 40 - Abobrinha 25 - Graos 100 25 Arroz - - Feijao 80 20 Milho 80 5 Criacoes 90 40 Aves 90 10 Ovos 70 40 Plantas medicinais 30 30 da Roseira.
No presente estudo, os alimentos classificados como pesados, carregados ou reimosos foram salsichas, carne de porco e derivados, carnes gordas, carnes salgadas, gordura, pato, feijao (a noite), cafe, chocolate, refrigerante, aipim, batata doce, sardinha, peixes, frutos do mar, abobora de leite, melancia e ovos.
Em termos medios, os menores teores foram observados nos salgados fritos: 4,1% no bolinho de aipim com camarao e 14,7% no risoli de camarao.
Sao Domingos cedeu maquinarios para o plantio de horticultura, milho e aipim, demonstrando a solidariedade entre os que conseguiram a terra e aqueles que lutavam para conquista-la.
Em relacao ao consumo, foram analisados 13 alimentos, grupos de alimentos ou preparacoes, nos sete dias que antecederam o estudo, dentro e/ou fora do ambiente academico: feijao; hortalicas em geral (excluindo as amilaceas); hortalicas cozidas (excluindo batata, aipim e inhame); hortalicas e frutas in natura; batata frita (sem contar a "de pacote") e/ou salgados fritos; embutidos; biscoitos, salgadinhos "de pacote" (incluindo batata frita "de pacote"); biscoitos salgados; biscoitos doces; guloseimas (doce, bala, chocolate, bombom, chiclete, pirulito etc.
Conhecida tambem como aipim, macaxeira, yuca, tapioca e cassava, e cultivada em todo territorio brasileiro, assumindo destacada importancia na alimentacao humana e animal, alem de ser utilizada como materia-prima industrial, amplamente e diversificadamente.
Excesso de peso Alimentos/Bebidas Nao Sim Valor Med (p25 - Med (p25 - p * p75) p75) Macarrao instantaneo 0 (0 - 2) 0 (0 - 1) 0,376 Carne/Frango 5 (4 - 7) 6 (4 - 7) 0,042 Peixes e mariscos 1 (0 - 2) 1 (0 - 2) 0,098 Batata frita/ 1 (0 - 3) 1 (0 - 2) 0,169 Mandioca ou aipim frito/Banana frita Salada crua 2 (0 - 5) 3 (0 - 6) 0,060 Batata cozida/Mandioca ou 2 (0 - 4) 2(1 - 4) 0,511 aipim cozido Legumes cozidos (menos 1 (0 - 3) 2 (0 - 4) 0,092 batata e mandioca/aipim) Maionese /manteiga 2 (0 - 5) 3 (0 - 5) 0,448 Hamburguer/Cachorro quente 1 (0 - 3) 1 (0 - 2) 0,173 Leite/Iogurte/Queijos 6 (4 - 7) 6 (4 - 7) 0,778 Frutas 4 (2 - 7) 5 (2 - 7) 0,361 Suco de Fruta Natural 2 (0 - 4) 2 (0 - 4) 0,788 Refrigerante 2 (1 - 4) 2(1 - 4) 0,408 Salgados (coxinha, 1 (0 - 2) 1 (0 - 2) 0,456 pastel .
As informacoes abrangem dois periodos distintos, em funcao dos dados disponibilizados pela EMATER: de janeiro de 1973 a dezembro de 2006, para os produtos cebola, pessego, tomate, batata e laranja, e de janeiro de 1986 a dezembro de 2006, para os produtos uva de mesa, aipim, bergamota e maca.