Arthur Travers Harris

(redirected from Air Marshal Harris)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Harris, Arthur Travers


Born Apr. 13, 1892, in Cheltenham. Air chief marshal (1943) of the British Air Force.

Harris entered military service in 1915. He fought as a pilot and squadron commander in World War I. Graduating from the staff college in 1929, Harris in the 1930’s was in the Air Ministry and was an air force representative on the Committee of Imperial Defense; in 1938 he was named chief of the British air force mission to the USA. In World War II he commanded the No. 5 Bomber Group from 1939 to 1940, was deputy chief of the air staff from 1940 to 1941, and chief of the British air force delegation to the USA in 1941. In 1942 he took over the command of the British bombers and directed the saturation air bombardment of Germany. He retired in 1946. From 1946 to 1953, Harris was manager of the South Africa Marine Corporation. In 1944 he was awarded the Soviet Order of Suvorov First Class.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Neither General LeMay nor Air Marshal Harris thought much about the immorality of killing so many civilians.
She claims that Air Marshal Harris made the disparaging comment at a squadron's anniversary night as he spoke of women's inability to work in the cockpit.
Air Marshal Harris showed no interest in "panacea targets" such as oil, aircraft or ball bearings and, at the close of 1944, German aircraft production reached 44,000 machines.
As a firm believer in mass raids, Air Marshal Harris developed the 'saturation' technique of mass bombing - that of concentrating clouds of bombers in a giant raid on a single city, with the object of completely demolishing it.
Air Marshal Harris considered Bennett to be the finest pilot he had ever met.