Aircraft Armament

Aircraft Armament

 

offensive weapons and systems supporting these weapons, mounted on military aircraft. At the start of its development, military aviation did not have any special ordnance. The ordnance was adapted from ground troop weapons. The simplest devices were used to mount, aim, and release the weapons. In 1913, Russia built the world’s first four-engine bomber, the Il’ia Muromets, which carried rather impressive cannon and bomb loads. Intensive development of aircraft armaments occurred after World War I, and aircraft armament has reached a high level of technical excellence at the present time.

Aircraft armament encompasses all types of weapons mounted on aircraft, including fasteners and mounts, adjustments, and controls; gun and bomb sights; onboard armament computing systems; ammunition and other disposable equipment; and suspension and release mechanisms for special loads. Aircraft armament also includes the equipment and computing devices for preparing, inspecting, and forecasting the technical condition of aircraft armament systems; trainers, simulators, teaching equipment, and towed aerial targets; onboard equipment for passive jamming; chemically activated speed boosters and their suspension and control systems; and troop-carrying and parachute equipment.

The following types of aircraft armament are distinguished by the properties of the ammunition used: rocket armament, cannon and machine gun armament, bomb munitions, and special-purpose armament. Rocket armament includes guided and unguided missiles designed for various purposes. This armament has great destructive power and is one of the major types of armament carried on modern aircraft. Cannon and machine gun armament includes aircraft cannons and machine guns and the appropriate accessories and ammunition. Cannon calibers are 20 mm or greater; machine gun calibers range from 7.62 to 15 mm. Bombing armament includes various types of aerial bombs, cluster bombs, mines and torpedoes, as well as bomb suspension and bomb release gear (bomb racks, bomb release mechanisms, and so forth). Special-purpose armament includes devices and instruments to meet such problems as laying down smoke screens, use of marker and signal flares, use of training and checking devices (for example, camera guns), and suspension and release of various special-purpose loads. Special-purpose armament sometimes includes nuclear and chemical armament. A modern aircraft armament system is a complex set of mechanical, radio engineering, electronic, and optical instruments and devices and is characterized by automation and electrification of almost all aircraft armament components.

V. A. KUZNETSOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Contract Awarded for The procurement of aircraft armament equipment for F/A-18E/F and EA-18G aircraft
Marvin Test Solutions said it has announced new enhancements to its MTS-3060 SmartCan, a universal O-level aircraft armament test set for legacy aircraft employing smart weapons.
March 25, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Marvin Test Solutions (formerly known as Geotest-Marvin Test Systems) a global provider of innovative test solutions for military, aerospace, and manufacturing organizations, today announced new enhancements to its MTS-3060 SmartCan(TM), a universal O-level aircraft armament test set for legacy aircraft employing smart weapons.
He graduated from the Aircraft Armament School in Lowry, Colorado, and was a member of the Battery B 29th Field Artillery Battalion, serving in the European African Middle Eastern Theater.
I saw what no aircraft technician (let alone Aircraft Armament System Technician) wants to see.
German Air-Dropped Weapons to 1945 addresses the underpublished area of aircraft armament by comprehensively covering the Luftwaffe's development of weapons from the crude "aeronautical artillery" of World War I to the sophisticated rockets of late 1945.
Mission responsibility for this organization is to develop and manage security assistance programs for field artillery, mortars, small arms, aircraft armament, armor turrets and sets, kits and outfits.
contractors -- the Maryland-based Aircraft Armament Incorporated (AAI) and the Israeli manufacturers of Pioneer, Israeli Aircraft Industries (IAI).
In addition, ITT Electronic Systems produces aircraft armament suspension and release equipment, electronic weapons interface systems, and advanced composite structures and subsystems.
th] generation aircraft with its MTS-3060 SmartCanTM, a universal O-level aircraft armament test set for legacy aircraft employing smart weapons.
Yuma uses advanced technology to carry out sophisticated tests of aircraft armament systems, air delivery systems, tank-automotive equipment, artillery weapons and ammunition.
The awarded contract modifies an earlier awarded firm-fixed-price contract to procure aircraft armament equipment for the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet fighter jet and the EA-18G Growler electronic attack aircraft.

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