airedale terrier

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airedale terrier

(âr`dāl), breed of dog developed in England in the 19th cent. It is the largest of the terrierterrier,
classification used by breeders and kennel clubs to designate dogs originally bred to start small game and vermin from their burrows or, in the case of several breeds in this group, to go to earth and kill their prey. Today these dogs are raised chiefly as pets.
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 group, standing about 23 in. (58.4 cm) high at the shoulder and weighing from 40 to 50 lb (18.1–22.7 kg). Its dense, wiry, close-lying coat is a mixture of tan, black, and grizzle in color. Although little can be said with certainty of its history prior to 1850, authorities generally believe the airedale was produced from crosses of the extinct black-and-tan terrier and the otterhound. It has been used to hunt a variety of game, trained as a police dog and dispatch bearer in war, bred for show competition, and kept as a pet. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal, fox, and tanuki also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Airedale Terrier


a breed of working dog. The Airedale was developed in Great Britain in the second half of the 19th century through the successive crossing of several breeds: otterhounds, Old English (or broken-haired) terriers, harriers, smooth collies, and bullterriers. It was named for the Aire River, the locality where the breed was developed. Airedales stand 62 to 66 cm high. The head is long, with a flat forehead; there is a bristly “moustache” on the upper lip and a “beard” on the lower lip. The woolly coat is coarse, wiry, and dense. The color is typically goldish red; a dark saddle covers the upper neck, back, and sides. The movements are fast and crisp. Airedales are hardy and easily trained. They are raised in many countries, including the USSR, where they are raised primarily by amateur dog breeders.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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