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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Born 1001; died 1049. King of the medieval state of Mataram on the island of Java.

In 1019, Airlangga ascended the throne of Mataram, and in 1022 he inherited the island of Bali from his father. By 1037 he had unified large parts of eastern and central Java. Known in the history of Indonesia as the “collector of Javan lands,” Airlangga claimed both temporal and divine power. Under his rule, Mataram became the dominant force in the central and eastern parts of the Malay Archipelago, although Srivijaya continued to predominate in the western part. An alliance was forged between the two states in 1035, when Airlangga took as his second wife a princess from Srivijaya. Airlangga encouraged the development of agriculture, trade, literature, and art, and he patronized Hinduism.

Shortly before his death, Airlangga divided his kingdom between his illegitimate sons. (Neither of his legal wives had borne him any children.) The two states thus formed were Djanggala and Kediri (Panjalu). Having divided his kingdom, Airlangga withdrew to an isolated monastery and became an ascetic.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The future of Papua now depends on how Indonesian President Joko Widodo handles the current situation, and whether he will be able to win the hearts and minds of Papuans, Airlangga Pribadi Kusman, political science professor at Airlangga University in Surabaya, told Arab News.
The meeting took place during EVC Chung's trip to Southeast Asia and was attended by top Indonesian government officials, including Airlangga Hartarto, the Minister of Industry, and Thomas Lembong, Head of Investment Coordinating Board of Indonesia.
To increase the enrollment of Indonesian students at Taiwan's schools and promote the visibility of Taiwan's tertiary education, the MOE has also established Taiwan Education Centers at Krida Wacana Christian University in Jakarta and Airlangga University in Surabaya.
The Minister of Industry Airlangga Hartarto explained that with the existence of this industrial area, there could also be many employment opportunities from the incoming industrial sector investment.
The CG of Indonesia in Karachi Totok Prianamto said that he had personally met the heads of Indonesian top Universities which included University of Gadjah Mada in Yogyakarta, University of Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta and University of Airlangga in Surabaya for working together with the University of Sindh in the field of higher education and research.
The CG Prianamto said he had personally met the heads of Indonesian top universities which included University of Gadjah Mada in Yogyakarta, University of Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta and University of Airlangga in Surabaya and proposed their collaboration with SU.
"Kemenperin in coordination with the other ministries and agencies is pushing these industries to contribute to economic growth, social stability, and dynamic development in the private sector," said Minister of Industry Airlangga in his statement on April 1.
The ceremony was attended by Airlangga Hartarto, Minister of Industry; Masafumi Ishii, Ambassador of Japan in Indonesia; Masayuki Igarashi, chief officer for regional operations (Asia & Oceania) of Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
Speaking at the event, Trade Minister Airlangga Hartarto praised HPM's effort to increase the exports of its products, including the All New Brio cars.