The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(in Kirghiz; aitys in Kazakh), one of the traditional forms of sung folk poetry, performed at public contests of akyns [poet-improvisers and singers]. Aitysh is a dynamic genre, requiring considerable inventiveness and improvisational skill. The Soviet akyns Dzhambul, Nurpeus, Isa, and others have developed the best traditions of the aitysh, which was created in the 19th century.


Aitys, vol. 1. Alma-Ata, 1942.
Step’ poet. Alma-Ata, 1958.
Kostanai akyndarynyng aitysy. Kystanai, 1958.
Karaghandy obi. akyndarynyng aitysy. Karaganda, 1958.
Aitys, vols. 1–3. Alma-Ata, 1965–66.


Auezov, M., and L. Sobolev, “Fol’klor i epos kazakhskogo naroda.” Literaturnyi kritik, 1939, nos. 10–11; 1940, no. 1.
Ismailov, E. Akyny. Alma-Ata, 1957.
Fabdullin, M. Kazakh khalkynyng auyzë debieti. Alma-Ata, 1958.
Kyrgyz sovet adabiiatynyn tarykhynyn ocherki. Frunze, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The first few generations of theater actors needed to turn away from traditional entertainment that included reverence for Manas, the Kyrgyz national hero, aitysh (improvised poetry contests or verbal dueling), and recitation of religious verses.
The event will be chaired by the Kyrgyz film director, screenwriter, producer and founder of the Asian World Film Festival in Los Angelesat the event Sadyk Sher-Niyaz, the Aitysh Public Fund reports.
Kyrgyzstan will submit an application to UNESCO for the inclusion of the aitysh art of improvisation, kok-boru traditional game, and kara-jorgo national dance to the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, said Deputy Chairman of the Kyrgyz National Commission for UNESCO Karganbek Samakov.
The founder of the festival is the head of the Aitysh foundation, filmmaker, MP Sadyk Sher-Niyaz.
The nomination of traditional knowledge of yurt making together with Kazakhstan and another nomination with Kazakhstan "Aitysh, the art of improvisation" were considered.
Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan Muhamedkaliy Abilgaziyev met with the Executive Director of the Asian World Film Festival Georges Chamchoum and the film director and producer, the founder of the Aitysh Public Foundation Sadyk Sher-Niyaz.
The music video was shot with support of the Aitysh Film Studio and the National Kyrgyz Film Studio.
The first convocation of the Eurasian PEN clubs "Together" will be held in Issyk-Kul, the "Aitysh" public fund reported.
The work on film started in 2012 by Kyrgyz Film and Aitysh Film Studios.
The epic trilogy "Manas, Semitei, Seitek", the art of akyns, the art of making felt carpets ala-kiyiz, shyrdak, traditional knowledge and skills of making nomad tents, the art of improvisation aitysh , the culture of cooking breads lavash, katyrma, jupka, yufka, Nooruz, kok-boru have been inscribed in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List.
magazine, Hollywood Reporter, Nick Holdsworth has arrived in Bishkek to review the Kurmanjan Datka historical film, the press service of the Aitysh Film Studio reported on April 30.
Anna Festival (Russia) and others, press secretary of the Aitysh Film Studio Cholpon Idrisova said.