Ajowan


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Ajowan

 

(Trachyspermum), a genus of plants of the Urn-belliferae family. About 20 species of ajowan flourish in Africa and Asia. The fragrant ajowan (azhgon and Indian caraway—Latin names, Trachyspermum ammi and Carum ajowan) is an annual plant which is the strain of greatest commercial interest. The stalk stands erect and is ramose. The leaves are bipinnatifid or tripinnatifid, with finely cut distal lobules. The plant has small, white or violet flowers in a complex umbel. The fruits are small and ovate and have a strong characteristic fragrance and a somewhat rough texture because of numerous bladder-like patillae. The natural homeland of the fragrant ajowan is India, where it has been cultivated for a long time. In addition, it is cultivated in North Africa, East Africa, Argentina, Iran, Afghanistan, and Asia Minor, and since 1934 in the USSR (in Middle Asia) for the production of essential oils. Its fruits contain 2.5–10 percent essential oil, 15–30 percent fatty oil, and about 15 percent proteins. The essential oil contains up to 50 percent thymol, which has strong antiseptic properties.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ajowan EO displayed greater antibacterial properties followed by clove eucalyptus and orange EOs.
The present study was intended to evaluate the antibacterial potential of EOs from Trachyspermum ammi (Ajowan) Eugenia caryophyllata (Clove) Eucalyptus globulus (Blue gum) and Citrus sinensis (Orange) against contact lens associated isolates.
Novel compound from Trochyspermum ammi (Ajowan caraway) seeds with antibiofilm and antiadherence activities against Streptococcus mutans: a potential chemotherapeutic agent against dental caries.
Part II Particular herbs and spices: Ajowan; Allspice; Chervil; Coriander; Geranium; Lavender; Mustard; Nigella; Oregano; Parsley; Rosemary; Sesame; Star Anise; Thyme; Vanilla.
Some of the more exotic notes in the John Varvatos scent include Medjool date fruit, Indian ajowan and tamarind tree leaves.
From ajowan to zedoary, spices are compared and contrasted, combined, and explained, and otherwise detailed by a guy who really knows his stuff, Ian Hemphill, owner of a prestigious Australian spice shop, Herbie's, has been working with spices since he was a child.
Better Botanicals Ajowan Lime Up Balm, $5 You'll dig the unique flavor of lime and herbs blended with kokum butter.
Antiseptic ajowan oil is made from it; also called Javanese seed, ajava.
Trace metals in eight different medicinal plants commonly available in Karachi namely Azadirachta indica (Neem), Syzygium aromaticum (Clove), Murraya koenigii (Curry Leaves), Trachyspermum ammi (Ajowan), Foeniculum vulgare (Fennal), Brassica oleracea (Cabbage), Brassica rapa (Turnip), and Pipper nigrum (Black pepper) have been quantitatively analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy and Flame Photometry.
Following an overview of these seasonings' applications, Teuscher (a German scientist) presents some 100 monographs describing the cultivation of herbs and spices from ajowan to white mustard, their commercial production, chemical structure, pharmacological action, traditional uses, potential toxicity, affinities with other spices, and related plants.