Ajowan

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Ajowan

 

(Trachyspermum), a genus of plants of the Urn-belliferae family. About 20 species of ajowan flourish in Africa and Asia. The fragrant ajowan (azhgon and Indian caraway—Latin names, Trachyspermum ammi and Carum ajowan) is an annual plant which is the strain of greatest commercial interest. The stalk stands erect and is ramose. The leaves are bipinnatifid or tripinnatifid, with finely cut distal lobules. The plant has small, white or violet flowers in a complex umbel. The fruits are small and ovate and have a strong characteristic fragrance and a somewhat rough texture because of numerous bladder-like patillae. The natural homeland of the fragrant ajowan is India, where it has been cultivated for a long time. In addition, it is cultivated in North Africa, East Africa, Argentina, Iran, Afghanistan, and Asia Minor, and since 1934 in the USSR (in Middle Asia) for the production of essential oils. Its fruits contain 2.5–10 percent essential oil, 15–30 percent fatty oil, and about 15 percent proteins. The essential oil contains up to 50 percent thymol, which has strong antiseptic properties.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
Extract Preparation from Fenugreek seed, black cumin seed and ajwain: Black cumin seed, ajwain seeds and fenugreek seeds were purchased from local market.
The delicate flavours of ajwain, red chilli and ginger-garlic and lime are absorbed into the fish which is then lightly batter-fried.
Export of all the major spices such as pepper, ginger, turmeric, cumin, fennel, fenugreek, mustard, aniseed, ajwain seed, nutmeg, mace, asafoetida and tamarind rose in terms of volume and value.
The herbal weight reducing drug MEHZILEEN (Azeemi laboratories, Karachi) used in this study has ingredients; Ajwain (Ptychotis ajowan), Caraway (Carum carvi), Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare mill), Fennel flower (Nigella sativa), Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris), Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium), Rue (Ruta graveolens) and Worm wood (Artemisia absinthium).
Ingredients are ajwain, black cardamom, cinnamon, fennel, ginger and licorice.
Herbal products and Probiotics: Combination of herbal products (Neem, Garlic, Ginger, Amla, Black pepper, Ajwain etc.
New Delhi prohibited import of garlic and ginger, which were a hot item for almost two years followed by a ban on ajwain and cardamom.
The second section, the heart of the volume, devotes individual chapters to description of natural flavors and colorants, from ajwain (Bishop's Weed) to vanilla--99 ingredients in all, arranged alphabetically.
Amaranthaceae Kanta notae 6 Carum copticum Apiaceae Joyin, Ajwain (L.
Trade across the LoC at the Poonch-Rawlakot Road at Chakan-da-Bagh and Srinagar-Muzaffabad Road at Salamabad was closed after Indian customs authorities prevented export of Ajwain, a spice from Pakistan.
After 3 months decoding by a statistician it was concluded that type A biscuits were ajwain biscuit, type B were ajwain + mushroom and type C were mushroom biscuits.
His rival, Lam Akoul Ajwain, garnered the other seven percent.