Ajowan

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Ajowan

 

(Trachyspermum), a genus of plants of the Urn-belliferae family. About 20 species of ajowan flourish in Africa and Asia. The fragrant ajowan (azhgon and Indian caraway—Latin names, Trachyspermum ammi and Carum ajowan) is an annual plant which is the strain of greatest commercial interest. The stalk stands erect and is ramose. The leaves are bipinnatifid or tripinnatifid, with finely cut distal lobules. The plant has small, white or violet flowers in a complex umbel. The fruits are small and ovate and have a strong characteristic fragrance and a somewhat rough texture because of numerous bladder-like patillae. The natural homeland of the fragrant ajowan is India, where it has been cultivated for a long time. In addition, it is cultivated in North Africa, East Africa, Argentina, Iran, Afghanistan, and Asia Minor, and since 1934 in the USSR (in Middle Asia) for the production of essential oils. Its fruits contain 2.5–10 percent essential oil, 15–30 percent fatty oil, and about 15 percent proteins. The essential oil contains up to 50 percent thymol, which has strong antiseptic properties.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the waiters told us the ajwain rice is served along with the lobster as it helps to digest the seafood faster, making it a light dish.
Ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi) is a source of therapeutically active polyphenol structures (Ranjan et al., 2011).
Influence of different doses of nitrogen fertilizer on ajwain. M.Sc.
The oil -- a blend which has gooseberry, ajwain , Indian Rosewood and brahmi ( Bacopa monnieri) -- relaxes the body, and is also used after the bath, during the massage," says Anoop, who heads the spa.
Its English name is Carom seed and Urdu name is Ajwain. Its seeds are used as medicine.
Haider et al., "Nutritional, phytochemical potential and pharmacological evaluation of Nigella Sativa (Kalonji) and Trachyspermum Ammi (Ajwain)," Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, vol.
Other foods include arq-e-shireen, gur only, gur and desi-ghee, gur and milk-tea, gur and ajwaine) (a herb), ajwain tea, misri (sugar crystal), ghutti made by hakeem, Hamdard brand ghutti (available in packing).
Ajwain Due to its mild alcoholic qualities, it gives instant relief from stomach ache, gas, flatulence and indigestion.
Effect of methanol extract of ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi L) on blood coagulation in rats.
The recipe includes the dry powder of the following in equal quantities: Nigella sativa, Carum roxburghianum (Ajwain caraway), Boswellia glabra (syn B.
Ajwain (Trachyspermum copticum L.) is used to treat the discomfort of gastrointestinal tract (4) and it also demonstrated antioxidant activity (5).
The main ingredients of these prescriptions are Kaipal, Ajwain, Bhaga, Camphor, etc., applied in different combinations and permutations.