The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



site of the Anau culture (from about 4000 to 2500 B.C.), 3.6 km southwest of Ashkhabad. Ak-Tepe went through consecutive stages as a small tribal village, a large tribal communal settlement, and a small family homestead. The dwellings of the last period were built of unbaked brick and had four rooms, specialized housekeeping areas, and a home altar and sanctuary. The inhabitants practiced agriculture, vine-growing, and animal husbandry and used bronze implements and ceramic articles. Several objects originated in northeast Iran.


Trudy Instituta istorii, arkheologii i etnografii AN Turkm. SSR, vol. 5. Ashkhabad, 1959.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.