Aqaba

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Aqaba

Aqaba (äˈkäbä), town (1996 est. pop. 52,000), SW Jordan, at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba, on the border with Israel. It is the only Jordanian port with direct access to the Red Sea; it remains the trade entrepôt to Iraq. Phosphates are the chief export. Aqaba is also a popular winter and summer seaside resort. Since at least 1000 B.C., a port has existed continuously on the site to handle trade between Palestine and Syria. Aqaba stands on or near the biblical Elath (Elat). The Roman military post of Aelana later occupied the site. A great road built under Emperor Trajan linked the area with Damascus and Egypt. Occupied and fortified by the Crusaders in 1115, Aqaba was retaken by Saladin in 1187. During the 19th cent. the town became a staging point on the pilgrim route to Mecca. T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) captured Aqaba for the Allies in World War I; it later became part of the Hejaz but was ceded to Transjordan in 1924. The town's name is sometimes spelled Akaba.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Aqaba

 

Al-Aqaba, a city in southern Jordan. The population in 1964 was 9,700. Aqaba is the only port along the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea and a junction point of highways and caravan roads. The city is a center for phosphate exporting, fishing, and handicraft production.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Aqaba

, Akaba
the only port in Jordan, in the southwest, on the Gulf of Aqaba. Pop.: 46 090 (1990 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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Sep 26, 2008: Defeats Ghana's Osumana Akaba to win the Commonwealth title.
But Burns has already beaten two other Ghanaians in successive Commonwealth title fights, Yakuba Amidu and Osumana Akaba, who have both had victories over Laryea.
We blew up their railway supply lines from the north and we bombed and strafed them to keep their forces occupied while Lawrence led his Arab army in an incredible trek to cut off their supply port of Akaba. That was the turning point of the campaign."
Both defeats came in British title fights - against Edinburgh's Alex Arthur in 2006 and Leeds' Carl Johanneson the year after - and he captured the Commonwealth belt at the expense o f Ghana's Osumanu Akaba in 2008 and has since defended it three times.
The Israeli ships would sail down the Gulf of Akaba from Eilat, the port whose freedom of seaborne trade would be secured by the opening of the Straits.