Shanidze, Akakii Gavrilovich
Born Feb. 14 (26), 1887, in the village of Noga, in what is now the Georgian SSR. Soviet philologist. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1939). Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Georgian SSR (1941).
Shanidze graduated from the University of St. Petersburg in 1913. He helped found the University of Tbilisi, where he became a professor. Shanidze’s principal works deal with the history and structure of the Kartvelian languages, Georgian dialectology, the writing system of the Caucasian Albanians, and the history of Georgian literature.
Shanidze analyzed and published several Old Georgian texts, and his publication of Khevsur poetry constituted a landmark in the study of Georgian folklore. He published Svanetian poetic texts and a series of original and translated Old Georgian literary works. He reconstructed the original text of S. Rustaveli’s narrative poem The Man in the Panther’s Skin. Shanidze has been awarded three Orders of Lenin and two other orders.
WORKS[Shanize, A.] Subiek’turi pre’ik’si meore pirisa da obiek’turi prep’ik’si mesame pirisa k’art’ul zmnebshi. Tiflis, 1920.
Vep’xis-tqaosnis sakit’xebi, part I. Tbilisi, 1966.
K’art’uli enis gramatikis sap’uzvlebi, part I: Morp’ologia. Tbilisi, 1973.
Zveli k’art’uli enis gramatika. Tbilisi, 1976.
REFERENCESZiziguri, Sh. Akaki Shanize. Tbilisi, 1977.
Akaki Shanize: Biobibliograp’ia. Tbilisi, 1977.