The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an archaeological site of the Neolithic, Bronze, and early Iron ages (third to first millennia B.C.) in Estonian SSR, on the west bank of Chudskoe Lake, in the estuary region of Emajõgi River. Akali was discovered in 1937 and excavated during 1938, 1939, 1949–52, and 1966. Because of a rise in the level of the rivers, the population gradually migrated up the slope of a hill. Various types of clay pottery are characteristic of Akali: Narva, pit-comb, corded, textiled, cross-hatched, and smooth-walled ceramics. Stone, bone, and amber articles have been found.


Ianits, L. Iu. Poseleniia epokhi neolita i rannego metalla v priust’e r. Emaiygi. Tallin, 1959.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Then an Akali, a wild-eyed, wild-haired Sikh devotee in the blue-checked clothes of his faith, with polished-steel quoits glistening on the cone of his tall blue turban, stalked past, returning from a visit to one of the independent Sikh States, where he had been singing the ancient glories of the Khalsa to College-trained princelings in top-boots and white-cord breeches.
Summary: New Delhi [India], Aug 12 (ANI): Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) president Sukhbir Singh Badal met Lieutenant Governor of Delhi, Anil Baijal, at the latter's residence on Monday.
New Delhi: Punjab will vote on Sunday for the Lok Sabha elections but unlike in other states, the contest in this border province is reduced to a battle between Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh of the Congress and arch rival Akali Dal.
Addressing a public rally, in support of Congress candidate Amrinder Singh Raja Warring, Priyanka asked people to teach a lesson to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) for harassment meted out to them.
IANS Chandigarh Punjab's ruling Congress swept the municipal elections in the state on Sunday even as the opposition Shiromani Akali Dal and BJP alleged booth capturing and misuse of power.
It is against this background that the present paper attempt to analyse the phases in which polarization process had taken place and is being taking place within the Sikh community in Punjab and the role of the Akali Dal in stimulating and supporting such process.
A journalist was allegedly shot dead by a Shiromani Akali Dal ( SAD) councillor in Dhuri in Sangrur district on Thursday night, police said on Friday.
ISLAMABAD -- APHC leader and the Chairman of Jammu and Kashmir National Front (JKNF), Nayeem Ahmad Khan, has condemned the puppet authorities for detaining and not allowing a delegation of Sikh organization from Indian Punjab, Shiromani Akali Dal, to visit the Indian held Kashmir.
Leaders of the ruling Akali Dal-BJP government and their main challenger, the Congress have addressed large public meetings where they spoke the language of election campaigns.
Near the border of Pakistan and Afghanistan, in a rugged frontier province lies the tomb of famed Sikh warrior, Akali Phoola Singh.
The situation took an ugly turn when one of the Akali Dal factions led by former Indian Police Service (IPS) officer Simranjeet Singh Mann along with his supporters tried to raise pro-Khalistani slogans from the rostrum of Akal Takht, Amritsar Police Commissioner Jatinder Singh Aulakh said.
The recent inclusion of Harsimrat Kaur Badal, wife of Punjab's powerful Deputy Chief Minister and Shiromani Akali Dal president Sukhbir Singh Badal and daughter-in-law of Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal, as a cabinet minister in Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government has ensured that each member of the Badal family holds a top ministerial post.