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(əkän`, äk`ən), people of W Africa, primarily in Ghana, where they number over 7.5 million, Côte d'Ivoire, and Togo. They speak languages of the Twi branch of the Kwa subfamily. Although patrilineal descent is recognized, matrilineal descent is more important; social organization is built around the clan. The AshantiAshanti
or Asante
, historic and modern administrative region, central Ghana, W Africa. The region is the source of much of Ghana's cocoa. It is inhabited by the Ashanti, a matrilineal Akan people who constitute one of Ghana's major ethnic groups. Before the 13th cent.
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 and the FantiFanti
, black African ethnic group, S Ghana, living around Cape Coast and Elmina, one of the Akan peoples. The Fanti speak a Twi language, which is part of the Kwa group of the Niger-Congo branch of the Niger-Kordofanian linguistic family (see under African languages); they
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, both of Akan stock, developed powerful confederacies and kingdoms in the 17th and 18th cent.



a group of related peoples of southern and central Ghana and the southeastern parts of the Ivory Coast, totaling nearly 4.8 million people (1967 estimate), including over 3 million in Ghana, where they form the nucleus for the unifying nation. The Akan languages belong to the Kwa group. On the basis of linguistic similarity, the Akan form the following groups: the Ashanti, Fanti, Akim, Akwapim, and Kwaya; the Agni and related Nzima, Sefwi, Ahanta, and Baule; and the Gonja or Guang, Krachi, Nawuri, and Abrong.

After World War II, a movement to create a single literary language began. Most of the population (77 percent in 1961) adheres to local, traditional religions (ancestor worship, polytheistic religions); the rest are Christians (Protestants and Catholics). The Akan peoples reached a high level of social and cultural development long before the Europeans came. A strong centralized state—Ashanti—existed among them in the 18th–19th centuries. From the early 20th century until 1957, the territory inhabited by the Akans was under British and French rule. Ghana—previously the Gold Coast, a British colony—was granted independence in 1957 and the Ivory Coast—previously a French colony—in 1960. The main occupation of the Akan peoples is tropical farming; the cultivation of cacao is important.


Potekhin, I. I. “Novoe afrikanskoe gosudarstvo—Gana.” Sovetskaia etnografiia, 1957, no. 2.


References in periodicals archive ?
Pan Brothers akan dianggap sebagai going concern dalam kebangkrutan dan akan direorganisasi daripada dilikuidasi.
The posited Akan locative exocentric synthetic compounds has an N-N structure in which the left-hand constituent mostly names a concrete object such as afi(e) 'house/home', m-mofra 'children', dua 'tree', etc.
El ingles corresponde al superestrato, asi como el substrato se compone de lenguas akan (fante, asante y twi), lenguas gbe y lenguas bantu, en ese orden de importancia, segun su numero de hablantes en la epoca de su formacion.
Winner of Elle Decor's 'Designer of the Year Turkey' award, Akan delivers high concept interiors and collections for his clients through e*rdemakan—a design and manufacturing brand of accessories and furniture.
The works of Segun Gbadegesin on "Eniyan: The Yoruba Concept of a Person" (1991), Wiredu, "The Akan Concept of Mind" (1983) and Gyekye, "An Essay on African Philosophical Thought: The Akan Conceptual Scheme" (1987) attest to the claim that the physical, psychical and social factors are all put into consideration in defining man.
During his time abroad, Akan continued to give strategic advice to Yemeksepeti and in 2011, he returned to his full- time position as CFO.
Based on her research findings MacLean attempts to answer these questions by challenging "previous assumptions about institutions, social capital, and the nature of the African state" by pointing out that since the Akan villages on both sides of the border consider themselves as one and the same people, "diverse histories of colonial and postcolonial state formation" have shaped the puzzling differences in the informal institutions of social reciprocity and citizenship at the local-level (p.
The Akan people do not regard, and never have regarded, Onyame as their tribal god.
I see an image of the Akan, born mystically by the dead queen who was the warlord of her kingdom.
Chapter 1, "On Diaspora and the Akan in the Americas," discusses the historiography of the idea of diasporic Akan speakers (and Africans) in the Americas, and their identity markers as these are presented in primary and secondary sources.
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