Akbar

(redirected from Akbar the Great)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Akbar the Great: Jahangir

Akbar

(ăk`bär), 1542–1605, MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
..... Click the link for more information.
 emperor of India (1556–1605); son of HumayunHumayun
or Homayun
, 1507–56, second Mughal emperor of India (1530–56), son and successor of Babur. In 1535, pressed by enemy incursions into Rajasthan, Humayun defeated the formidable Bahadur Shah of Gujarat.
..... Click the link for more information.
, grandson of BaburBabur
[Turk.,=lion], 1483–1530, founder of the Mughal empire of India. His full name was Zahir ud-Din Muhammad. A descendant of Timur (Tamerlane) and of Jenghiz Khan, he succeeded (1494) to the principality of Fergana in central Asia.
..... Click the link for more information.
. He succeeded to the throne under a regent, Bairam Khan, who rendered loyal service in expanding and consolidating the Mughal domains before he was summarily dismissed (1560) by the young king. Akbar, however, continued the policy of conquest. A magnetic personality and an outstanding general, he gradually enlarged his empire to include Afghanistan, Baluchistan, and nearly all of the Indian peninsula north of the Godavari River. To unify the vast state, he established a uniform system of administration throughout his empire and adopted a policy of conciliating the conquered chieftains. Having defeated the RajputsRajputs
[Sanskrit,=son of a king], dominant people of Rajputana, an historic region now almost coextensive with the state of Rajasthan, NW India. The Rajputs are mainly Hindus (although there are some Muslim Rajputs) of the warrior caste; traditionally they have put great value
..... Click the link for more information.
, the most militant of the Hindu rulers, he allied himself with them, giving their chiefs high positions in his army and government; he twice married Rajput princesses.

Although he was himself illiterate, Akbar's courts at Delhi, Agra, and Fatehpur SikriFatehpur Sikri
or Fathpur Sikri
, historic city (1991 pop. 25,446), Uttar Pradesh state, N India. It was founded (1569) by the Mughal emperor Akbar to honor the Muslim saint Shaikh Salim Chishti, who had foretold the birth of Akbar's son and heir, Jahangir.
..... Click the link for more information.
 were centers of the arts, letters, and learning. He was much impressed with Persian culture, and because of him the later Mughal empire bore an indelible Persian stamp. Apparently disillusioned with orthodox Islam and hoping to bring about religious unity within his empire, he promulgated (1582) the Din-i-Ilahi [divine faith], an eclectic creed derived from Islam, Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, and Christianity. A simple, monotheistic cult, tolerant in outlook, it centered on Akbar as prophet, but had an influence outside the court. Akbar, generally considered the greatest of the Mughal emperors, was succeeded by his son JahangirJahangir
or Jehangir
, 1569–1627, Mughal emperor of India (1605–27), son of Akbar. He continued his father's policy of expansion. The Rajput principality of Mewar (Udaipur) capitulated in 1614.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Bibliography

See biography by V. A. Smith (2d rev. ed. 1966); R. Krishnamurti, Akbar, the Religious Aspect (1961).

Akbar

called Akbar the Great. 1542--1605, Mogul emperor of India (1556--1605), who extended the Mogul empire to include N India
References in periodicals archive ?
All coins of the treasure belong to the epoch of Babur's grandson - Akbar the Great - which lasted 49 years.
The Enchantress of Florence is structured on the story-within-story pattern, involving historical and imaginary characters - a narrator: Niccolo Vespucci, an enchantress: Qara Koz, an emperor: Akbar the Great, a Florentine, a disabused Republican turned a political philosopher: Niccolo Machiavelli, a first minister, pirates, explorers, queens.
'Jodha Akbar' promises to present audiences with Akbar's journey from being 'Akbar the Warrior' to 'Akbar the Great'.
Other highlights include Agra Fort, the onion-domed Jama Masjid mosque and the nearby tomb of Akbar the Great at Sikandra.
I mistakenly thought that it was related to Mariam Zamani Begum, the Christian wife of Akbar the Great. Let me make it clear, there are some historians who dispute her religiosity.
Dirk Collier, a lawyer by profession who works in a pharmaceutical company in Belgium and is a visiting professor at a Belgian univeristy, called his fact-laded-novel "The Emperor's Writing, memories of Akbar the Great." He inaugurated the publication of the book in Belgium at a ceremony held in the Indian embassy in Brussels yesterday.It was while researching the history of Goa and the first pre-colonial contacts with India and the nascent imperialist European powers that Collier first came across references to Akbar.
While the art of manuscript illustration was reaching its zenith in Italy, miniature painting was just taking hold in Northern India under the patronage of the Mughal emperor, Akbar the Great (reigned 1556-1605).
The film, heavily fancied beforehand, traces the rise of the Mughal emperor Akbar The Great, a Muslim, and his love affair with his Hindu wife, played in the film by Aishwarya Rai Bachchan.
The novel begins with the arrival of a mysterious yellow-haired stranger at the palace of Akbar the Great. The stranger, calling himself "Mogor dell' Amore," the Mughal of Love, claims that he has a story to tell, and a secret, which can only be recounted to the emperor himself.
The ship is on its way to the court of Akbar the Great of India, and the stowaway, after killing the captain, steals the greatest treasure of all--a secret letter of assignment as English Ambassador to the court of Akbar of India.
He travels to the court of the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great in India to regale him with a fantastical tale which purportedly binds the two together.
Within a short span of time his grandson, Akbar the Great, had overcome this civilisation-driven incomprehension to such an extent that he virtually tried to synthesise a new religion from elements of Islam and Hinduism.