Akhalkalaki

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Akhalkalaki

 

a city and center of Akhalkalaki Raion, Georgian SSR. Located on the Akhalkalaki-Tskali River (tributary of the Kura), 74 km southeast of the Akhaltsikhe railroad station; a junction of highways to Leninakan, Borzhomi, and Akhaltsikhe. Population in 1969, 9,500. The city has a creamery, a sawmill, a brewery, and lemonade and starch factories. There is an agricultural technicum. In the region there are many architectural monuments, including the Kumurdo cathedral. Akhalkalaki was founded in 1064; it was completely destroyed in the 15th century and reconstructed in the 17th century. In the 18th century Akhalkalaki was transformed into a fortress. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1806–12 it was taken by Russian troops; according to the terms of the Bucharest Peace Treaty of 1812, it was returned to Turkey. Akhalkalaki was annexed permanently to Russia in 1829.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Georgian officials are insisting that the Russians withdraw their bases in Akhalkalak and Batumi within three years.