The existing railway line from Akhalkalaki
to Marabda and on to Tbilisi and Baku will be modernized.
A depot is under construction in Akhalkalaki
for the transition of trains from the existing tracks in Georgia to the European ones.
falling under amnesty in Jan 2013) faced off in Akhalkalaki
on 25 October.
Hemmer H, Kahlke RD, Vekua AK (2001) The Jaguar - Panthera onca gombaszoegensis (Kretzoi, 1938) (Carnivora: Felidae) in the late lower pleistocene of Akhalkalaki
(south Georgia; Transcaucasia) and its evolutionary and ecological significance.
While three of Russia's four major bases in Georgia have been closed, or are nearly closed two under a 2005 agreement dealing with Akhalkalaki
and Batumi a small number of Russian personnel and supplies remain at the Gudauta base, in the separatist Abkhazia region of Georgia.
In May 2005, Georgia and Russia reached an agreement whereby Russia would complete its withdrawal from its bases at Batumi and Akhalkalaki
by the end of 2008.
Russia is shutting down two Georgian bases, in Batumi and Akhalkalaki
by 2008, and is ahead of schedule in this endeavor.
Russia--which has troops stationed in Batumi, the Adjar capital, and Akhalkalaki
in the ethnic Armenian Javakhetia, plus 'peacekeeping' units already in Abkhazia--could likewise act as a guarantor of Georgia's federalism.
For example, the Georgian-Armenians who compose an ethnic majority in the Samtskhe-Javakheti region bordering Armenia have been somewhat supported by a foreign protector, the Russians, who presently maintain a military base in the Javakheti regional center of Akhalkalaki
In late March, Georgian State Security Minister Valeri Khaburdzania theorized that those weapons were sold to Chechen rebels from someone at the Russian military base in Akhalkalaki
, southern Georgia.
There are four bases in Georgia which the Russians are loath to part with: Akhalkalaki
on the southern border with Turkey, Batumi on the Black Sea, Gudauta (Abkhazia), and Vaziani near the capital, Tbilisi.
The parties have said they will organize container shipments along the China-Kazakhstan-Azerbaijan-Georgia-Turkey route in 2015, utilizing the new rail line Zhezkazgan-Beineu in Kazakhstan, the Aktau sea port (Kazakhstan), and the Akhalkalaki
(Georgia)-Kars (Turkey) rail line which is being built now.