Akhalkalaki


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Akhalkalaki

 

a city and center of Akhalkalaki Raion, Georgian SSR. Located on the Akhalkalaki-Tskali River (tributary of the Kura), 74 km southeast of the Akhaltsikhe railroad station; a junction of highways to Leninakan, Borzhomi, and Akhaltsikhe. Population in 1969, 9,500. The city has a creamery, a sawmill, a brewery, and lemonade and starch factories. There is an agricultural technicum. In the region there are many architectural monuments, including the Kumurdo cathedral. Akhalkalaki was founded in 1064; it was completely destroyed in the 15th century and reconstructed in the 17th century. In the 18th century Akhalkalaki was transformed into a fortress. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1806–12 it was taken by Russian troops; according to the terms of the Bucharest Peace Treaty of 1812, it was returned to Turkey. Akhalkalaki was annexed permanently to Russia in 1829.

References in periodicals archive ?
The meeting was devoted to the installation of a bust of Avagyan in Bugashen village of Georgia's Akhalkalaki on Jan.
Over 150 pick-up locations are available throughout Tbilisi, Karadjala, Tskhaltubo, Gori, Batumi, Rustavi, Kutaisi, Marneuli, Poti, Bagdati, Ninotsminda, Akhaltsikhe, Sagaredzho, Kaspi, Kabali, Tsalka, Akhalkalaki, Kutaisi, Borjomi and other cities, with additional locations to be added in future.
Waveform ID Earthquake name Date Direction 181 X Boshroyeh 16.09.78 EW 293 X Rionero in Vulture 23.11.80 EW 302 Y Lauria 23.11.80 NS 335 Y Korinthos 25.02.81 NS 353 Y Balikesir 05.07.83 NS 477 X Tehran 20.06.90 EW 477 Y Tehran 20.06.90 NS 480 Y Tonekabun 20.06.90 NS 499 Y Akhalkalaki 29.04.91 NS 536 X Tercan 13.03.92 EW Waveform ID PGA [m/[s.sup.2]] Magnitude [M.sub.W] 181 X 1.003 7.3 293 X 0.968 6.9 302 Y 0.155 6.9 335 Y 1.144 6.3 353 Y 0.237 6.1 477 X 0.324 7.4 477 Y 0.286 7.4 480 Y 1.341 7.4 499 Y 0.113 6.8 536 X 0.286 6.6 TABLE 3: Dynamic properties of isolated structure.
In total 105 kilometers (65 mi) of new line will be built between Kars and Akhalkalaki, with 76 kilometers (47 mi) within Turkey and 29 kilometers (18 mi) in Georgia.
A depot is under construction in Akhalkalaki for the transition of trains from the existing tracks in Georgia to the European ones.
falling under amnesty in Jan 2013) faced off in Akhalkalaki on 25 October.
Hemmer H, Kahlke RD, Vekua AK (2001) The Jaguar - Panthera onca gombaszoegensis (Kretzoi, 1938) (Carnivora: Felidae) in the late lower pleistocene of Akhalkalaki (south Georgia; Transcaucasia) and its evolutionary and ecological significance.
While three of Russia's four major bases in Georgia have been closed, or are nearly closed two under a 2005 agreement dealing with Akhalkalaki and Batumi a small number of Russian personnel and supplies remain at the Gudauta base, in the separatist Abkhazia region of Georgia.
In May 2005, Georgia and Russia reached an agreement whereby Russia would complete its withdrawal from its bases at Batumi and Akhalkalaki by the end of 2008.
Russia is shutting down two Georgian bases, in Batumi and Akhalkalaki by 2008, and is ahead of schedule in this endeavor.
Russia--which has troops stationed in Batumi, the Adjar capital, and Akhalkalaki in the ethnic Armenian Javakhetia, plus 'peacekeeping' units already in Abkhazia--could likewise act as a guarantor of Georgia's federalism.
For example, the Georgian-Armenians who compose an ethnic majority in the Samtskhe-Javakheti region bordering Armenia have been somewhat supported by a foreign protector, the Russians, who presently maintain a military base in the Javakheti regional center of Akhalkalaki. Although the Armenians have abundant access to arms, no popular movement for secession has risen.