He changed his name to that which is now famous, becoming Akhenaten in the fifth year of his reign and moving his capital to a new city, Akhetaten
(now known as Amarna).
There, the controversial king built the city of Akhetaten
(present day Amarna) and together with his co-regent Nefertiti created a revolution in art, culture, architecture, religion, and thought.
Five years into his reign he moved from Thebes, the ancient capital of Egypt, and created a new capital city, Akhetaten
, providing it with palaces, temples, government buildings and homes for its citizens.
The truth is that in the fifth year of his reign, Akhnaten moved his court from Thebes, for centuries the seat of pharaonic power, to the newly built Akhetaten
, halfway down the Nile the Tell el Amarna of Barry Kemp''s book (The City of Akhenaten and Nefertiti - Amarna and its people) where he drifted into megalomania, declining to listen to any opinion but his own, and approving of sculptured bas reliefs, which show the golden disc of Aten, reaching down to him and his queen, in a strikingly haunting concept, with each beam of light ending in a miniature human hand.
15) James Simon, a merchant who funded Borchardt's Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft ('DOG') (16) dig, obtained a permit to excavate Akhetaten
(17) (modern-day el-Amarna), the ancient home to Akhenaten (18) and his comely queen.
At the same time, he proceeded to move his capital from Thebes to halfway down the Nile at Memphis, which he called Akhetaten
(Horizon of Aten)--today called el-Amarna.
, the apostate's folly, lies in ruins under Aten's rays.
This 18th dynasty pharaoh reigned for 17 years, founded the new City of Akhetaten
(now the archeological dig El-Amarna), and inaugurated with his co-regent Nefertiti a monotheistic religion devoted to Aten or light, the worship of which (along with a regal malformation perhaps) led to an extreme aesthetic of elongated facial and body affectations.
He, of course, is ancient Egypt's famous boy pharaoh who grew up 3,300 years ago in the royal court at Amarna, the ancient city of Akhetaten
This is stated, more or less in so many words, in any number of works on the ancient Near East, which usually offer the Amarna letters, the trove of correspondence between Egypt and other states that was found at the site of Akhetaten
(Tell el-Amarna), as the parade example of Akkadian as lingua franca.
Tell el Amarna, 200 miles north of the Theban heartland, was the site chosen for the new capital, Akhetaten
, `The horizon of the Aten'.
This devotion was more than lip service--Amenhotep IV changed his name to Akhenaten ("One Who Serves Aten") and moved his capital from Thebes down the Nile to an area he named Akhetaten
("Horizon of the Sun-Disk"), today known as Amarna.