Akimov, Georgii

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Akimov, Georgii Vladimirovich

 

Born Apr. 10 (23), 1901, in Moscow; died Jan. 23, 1953. Soviet physical chemist; corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1939). Member of the CPSU from 1920. Graduated from Moscow Advanced Technical College (1926).

On Akimov’s initiative, a corrosion laboratory (N. E. Zhukovskii Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute [TsAGI], 1927) and department (Moscow Institute of Nonferrous Metals and Gold, 1931) were established. In 1947 he became chairman of the Commission on the Struggle Against Corrosion, which belongs to the Academy of Sciences of the USSR; in 1949 he became director of the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. His main work has been in the area of corrosion of metals.

Akimov proposed a theory of microelements, multielec-trode electrochemical systems, and the unstable electrochemical potentials of metals. He worked out a rational classification of methods of testing for corrosion and also a corrosion terminology. He was awarded two Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and medals. In 1946 he received the State Prize of the USSR.

WORKS

Gazovaia korroziia uglerodistykh stalei pri vysokikh temperaturakh. Moscow-Leningrad, 1931.
Osnovy ucheniia o korrozii i zashchite metallov. Moscow, 1946.

REFERENCE

“Georgii Vladimirovich Akimov” (obituary). Zhurnal fizicheskoi khimii, 1953, vol. 27, no. 3.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.