Akita

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Akita

(ä`kētä), city (1990 pop. 302,362), capital of Akita prefecture, NW Honshu, Japan, on the Sea of Japan. A producer of petroleum products and chemicals, Akito city also has a large port that exports lumber and rice. It became an important feudal town in the 8th cent., and its castle-fort (733) still stands. Akita prefecture (1990 pop. 1,227,491), 4,503 sq mi (11,663 sq km), contains Japan's largest oil field and copper mine, in addition to deposits of sulfur, lead, and manganese. The prefecture's mountains have extensive stands of quality timber, and its fertile lowlands yield crops of rice, tobacco, and fruit. Akita (the capital), Noshiro (the chief port), Tsushisoki, and Yokote are centers of population.

Akita

(äkē`tə), breed of large dog developed in Japan from ancient ancestry and used originally as a hunter of such game as deer, wild boar, and bear. It stands from 20 to 27 in. (50.8–68.6 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 75 to 110 lb (34.1–49.9 kg). Its double coat consists of a thick, furry underlayer and a medium-length, harsh, straight topcoat which may be any shade of cream, brown, red, gray, black, silver, or brindle. A muscular dog with erect ears and tail curved over its back, the Akita has been used in the 20th cent. as a police and war dog and as a companion and watchdog. It is rapidly gaining popularity in the United States and is presently exhibited in the miscellaneous class at the dog shows sanctioned by the American Kennel Club. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal and fox also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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Akita

 

a prefecture in Japan, in the northwestern part of the island of Honshu. It has an area of 11,600 sq km and a population of 1.3 million (1966), of which 39 percent live in cities. Its administrative center is the city of Akita. Much of Akita is covered by the Ou and Dewa mountains; individual peaks tower over 2,000 m; hilly lowland plains predominate in the west and in the central regions.

Akita is an agrarian-industrial region in the Tohoku economic district. The extracting industry is developed. Akita is one of the main oil-refining regions of the country; there are sizable deposits of silver and lead; in the Odate region copper ore deposits are found. The main branches of manufacturing (in percentage cost figures for 1964) are woodworking (26.3), food processing (14.4), petrochemicals (8.2), and paper and pulp (6). Cultivated lands cover 137,000 hectares, of which 85 percent are irrigated rice fields (1966 crop, 528,600 tons). Akita’s livestock includes 38,300 horned cattle (including 10,000 dairy cows), 4,900 horses, 7,000 sheep, and 109,000 hogs. It has apple orchards and fisheries (catch 22,700 tons). A state reserve is located on the territory of Akita on the boundary with Aomori Prefecture (near Lake Towado).

N. A. SMIRNOV


Akita

 

a city in Japan, in northwestern Honshu Island. Administrative center of the prefecture of Akita. Population, 217,000 (1965).

Akita is situated on the lower reaches of the Omono River. The outer harbor of the city is Isuchizaki (within the prefecture of Akita since 1940), on the shore of the Sea of Japan. Akita exports lumber, oil products, and rice. Its industries include petroleum production, petrochemicals, woodworking, cellulose and paper production, electric machine construction, and the manufacture of special steels and chemical fertilizers. Akita also has handicraft industries—it produces silk fabrics and silver and golden artifacts. There is a university. The city sprang up around a fort built in the eighth century.

References in periodicals archive ?
She was savaged by her father's dog, a male Japanese Akita, when he got into the yard of the Readypenny Inn pub near Dundalk, Co Louth.
The Akita is a large breed of dog originating from the northern regions of Japan.
Akitas consider eye contact a challenge and can react aggressively, therefore one is advised not to get down to the Akita's level and close to the dog's face unless well acquainted with the dog.
An Akita dog escaped from the pounds 1million fortress home of Ian Donaldson, 32, and savaged a Yorkshire terrier.
BARTON replies: The Japanese Akita was bred as a hunting dog and adult males can weigh 50kg or (8 stones).
It's not the first time an akita has struck - last year 13-year-old Damon Sykes, of Cowlersley, and a police officer were hospitalised by an akita.
She managed to pull Benji free, but as she carried him away the Akitas continued jumping up at her, Katherine Dunn, prosecuting, told the court.
However, when he saw two Japanese Akita dogs, which had been left tied to a fence post outside the centre, Jamie knew he would have to pull out all the stops to adopt one of them.
Our story last week about Gaynor McCabe, left, begging for the life of her Akita dog despite its attack on a little girl provoked furious debate online.
The eight-year-old needed 175 stitches after the Japanese Akita grabbed her head in its mouth when she bent down to stroke it.
While trying to rescue my dog from the jaws of one of the Akitas, I would have been attacked myself if it wasn't for the quick intervention of a neighbour.
The 12-year-old mongrel was being taken for a walk when a Japanese akita set upon her.