Akmulla, Miftakhetdin Kamaletdinovich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Akmulla, Miftakhetdin Kamaletdinovich


Born Dec. 14, 1831, in the village of Tusanbai, Belebeev District, Ufim Province; died Oct. 21, 1895. Bashkir poet and educator. Also has a place in Tatar and Kazakh literatures.

Born to a family of a mullah, Akmulla wrote verses in Turkic and several works in Kazakh. He expressed the ideals and feelings of the simple man, derided the bai (rich stock raisers, merchants, or landowners) and mullahs, encouraged the people to acquire education and skills, and extolled reason and justice. His verses appeared as a separate collection in 1904. The satirical magazine Akmulla, which was published from 1911 to 1916 in Troitsk, Orenburg Province, was named after the poet.


Akmulla äfändeneng inshad itdeki mänzümatï .. . . Kazan, 1904.


Kenjebaev, B. Qazaq khalkínïng, XX ghasïr basïndaghï demokrat jazushïlarï . Alma-Ata, 1958.
Kharisov, Ä. Bashqort khalqïnïng ädhäbi mirathï . Ufa, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.